Phobias: Causes and Effects

Topics: Phobias, Fear, Phobia Pages: 7 (1891 words) Published: January 3, 2013
I. Introduction

Everybody experiences fear. We all have something that we are afraid of. Some are afraid of spiders. Some are afraid of snakes. Some are afraid of heights. It is normal for humans to experience fear. Even animals experience it. One kind of fear is phobia. It is an intense type of fear. Phobias are improper feeling of fear or anxiety which is triggered because of being exposed to a particular item or situation. Individuals suffering from some kind of phobia have got a great wish to stay away from whatever thing or situation that causes them to feel the fear or anxiety. In this research paper, you will learn more about phobias. Our research paper consists of information and data that will let you understand important facts about phobia. Here, you can learn facts that are interesting and new to you. You can learn what the different types of phobia are, how people acquire these phobias, what are the possible effects of phobia to the ones experiencing it, and what are the treatments and therapies that can be done. Our research paper is divided into five subtopics that are full of useful information.

Significance of the Study
We made this research paper to give the readers more knowledge about the topic, phobias. This will help them understand and learn everything they need to know about phobias. This includes its definition, kinds, causes and effects, and treatments. The following information will be very useful especially to those who are or have close relatives experiencing phobias. We chose this topic for our research paper because we know that it is an interesting topic. And since this research paper is filled with data that are informative at the same time fascinating, reading this will not only provide the readers useful facts and information but also serves as a wonderful pastime.

II-III. Subtopics


A phobia is “defined as the unrelenting fear of a situation, activity, or thing that causes one to want to avoid it.” The three types of phobias are social phobia (fear of public speaking, meeting new people, or other social situations), agoraphobia (fear of being outside), and specific phobias (fear of particular items or situations).  

A phobia is an irrational fear, a kind of anxiety disorder in which the sufferer has a relentless dread of a situation, living creature, place or thing. People with a phobia go to great lengths to avoid a perceived danger which is much greater in their minds than in real life. If confronted with the source of their phobia, the person will suffer enormous distress, which can interfere with their normal function; it can sometimes lead to total panic. For some people, even thinking about their phobia is immensely distressing.

A phobia starts when a person begins organizing their lives around avoiding the object of their fear. A phobia is much more serious than a simple fear. Sufferers have an overpowering need to steer clear of anything which triggers their anxiety.

Other psychologists propose a simpler explanation for phobias. They believe that a phobia is caused by a traumatic, or extremely upsetting, event. These traumas often occur in childhood and have a lasting effect on a person.

For example, imagine that you survived a powerful storm, a severe hurricane, or a destructive tornado as a young child. As a teenager, you are terrified of storms. Rain and wind, thunder and lightning make your heart race and your chest tighten. You refuse to leave home if there is even a small possibility of a storm. You suffer from a specific phobia of storms. Many psychologists would argue that this phobia is a result of a traumatic childhood event that has had a lifelong effect on you.

Social and specific phobias sometimes run in families, providing evidence of a genetic connection. Some people are born with a predisposition towards anxiety, which makes them particularly susceptible to developing phobias.

Phobias may develop as a response to pressure...
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