Philippines Economic History

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The Economic History of the Philippines
1000 B.C. – Post World War II
ECON 365

Marcus G. Lundy III
December 6, 2012

Section (I) Evolution over time of the borders of the modern country over time

The Philippine archipelago is comprised of 7,107 islands (about 500 mi (805 km) off the southeast coast of Asia, of which only about 2,000 are inhabited. They are clustered into three major island groups; Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The overall land area is comparable to that of Arizona. Only about 7% of the islands are larger than one square mile, and only one-third have names. The largest are Luzon in the north (40,420 sq mi; 104,687 sq km), Mindanao in the south (36,537 sq mi; 94,631 sq km), and Visayas (23,582 sq mi; 61,077 sq km). The islands are of volcanic origin, with the larger ones crossed by mountain ranges. The highest peak is Mount Apo (9,690 ft; 2,954 m) on Mindanao. There are 17 established regions of the Philippines. Many people think there are only three: Luzon in the north, Visayas in the center and Mindanao in the south- however, this is just a geographical distinction similar to the west coast, east coast, and midwest in the United States.

Luzon
* National Capital Region (Metro Manila)
* Cordillera Administrative Region
* Region 1: Ilocos
* Region 2: Cagayan Valley
* Region 3: Central Luzon
* Region 4a: Calabarza
* Region 4b: Mimaropa
* Region 5: Bicol
Visayas
* Region 6: Western Visayas
* Region 7: Central Visayas
* Region 8: Eastern Visayas

Mindanao
* Region 9: Zamboanga Peninsula
* Region 10: Northern Mindanao
* Region 11: Davao
* Region 12: Soccsksargen
* Region 13: Caraga
* Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

The Philippines are also surrounded several bodies of water; The South Celebes Sea to the south, the South China Sea to the west, the Sulu Sea, just south of the South China Sea, the Pacific Ocean to the northeast, and the Philippine Sea to the east.

Section (II) Evolution of the Language

The position of the Philippines plays a pivotal role into the development of the language. With the Pacific Ocean so near Asia has allowed them many opportunities for trade and correspondence with other nations and their languages. Spain ruled the Philippines for more than 300 years. As a result, Spanish was widely spoken throughout the country and became the national language of the Philippines. The Filipino Language derives from a country’s desire for true identity. It is the byproduct of a nation that longs for a language that can truly reflect the people it represents. It has gone through a lot of changes, challenges and modifications. Here are the 8 major languages spoken in various regions around the country: * Tagalog

* Cebuano
* Ilocano
* Bicolano
* Hiligaynon or Ilonggo
* Waray
* Kapampangan
* Pangasinence

The period of Spanish rule brought many borrowed words into the Tagalog language from Spanish. Some of these included the adoption of the Spanish number system in many settings, especially when dealing with money, and adoption of Spanish household and religious words. Words like fork, spoon, knife, table, God, holy spirit, Jesus Christ, and blessing have been adopted from the Spanish language.

The Spanish government needed these priests to conduct any and all business in the Philippines due to the language barrier. The Filipino people could not speak Spanish and the only way to communicate with them was through the priests who spoke their languages. The priests did not want the natives learning Spanish because they considered themselves an elite class, better off, than their Filipino counterparts. They wanted to maintain this separation, and saw that by preventing the Filipinos from learning Spanish, they could do so. In addition, they feared that if the native people learned Spanish, they would be more likely to be proud and rebel against the government. (Frei)

The Spanish used the...
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