Philippine-Japanese Relations

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Philippine-Japanese relations span a period from the 17th century to the present. Relations between Japan and the Philippines date back to at least the late Muromachi period of Japanese history, as Japanese merchants and traders had settled in Luzon even before the Spanish colonization. Especially in the area of Dilao, a suburb of Manila was a Nihonmachi of 3000 Japanese around the year 1600. The term probably originated from the Tagalog term 'dilaw', meaning 'yellow', this describes their general physiognomy. The Japanese had established quite early an enclave at Dilao where they numbered 300 to 400 in 1593. In 1603, during the Sangley rebellion, they numbered 1,500 and 3,000 in 1606. In 1593, Spanish authorities in Manila authorized the dispatch of Franciscan missionaries to Japan. The Franciscan friar Luis Sotelo was involved in the support of the Dilao enclave between 1600 and 1608. In the first half of the 17th century, intense official trade took place between the two countries, through the Red seal ships system. Thirty officials "Red seal ship" passports were issued between Japan and the Philippines between 1604 and 1616. The Japanese led an abortive rebellion in Dilao against the Spanish in 1606-1607, but their numbers rose again until the interdiction of Christianity by Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1614, when 300 Japanese Christian refugees under Takayama Ukon settled in the Philippines. On November 8, 1614, together with 300 Japanese Christians Takayama Ukon left his home country from Nagasaki. He arrived at Manila on December 21 and was greeted warmly by the Spanish Jesuits and the local Filipinos there. The Spanish Philippines offered its assistance in overthrowing the Japanese government by invasion to protect Japanese Catholics. Justo declined to participate, and died of illness just 40 days afterwards. These 17th century immigrants are at the origin of some of today's 200,000-strong Japanese population in the Philippines. More rebellions such as one known as...
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