PHI 208 (RELIGION)

Topics: God, Existence, Cosmological argument Pages: 6 (1995 words) Published: February 27, 2014
PHI 208 (Religion)
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Introduction:
The Bible gives witness to two facts regarding the knowledge God. First, it teaches us that God is incomprehensible, and but then it also declares that God is knowable. Both are true, but not in an absolute sense. To say that God is incomprehensible simply means that finite man cannot know everything there is to know about God who is an infinite being. To say that God is knowable means that, though incomprehensible, God can be known and man can grow in the knowledge of God, at least in a limited sense and to the degree that is needed for man to trust God and have a personal and growing relationship with Him. Is proof for the existence of God necessary?

When you talk about proof, you are talking about establishing some degree of certainty about the existence of God. That is where Faith comes in Faith is: The assurance, confirmation, and the title deed of the things we hope for. The proof of things we do not see. The conviction of their reality and it perceives as real fact what is not revealed to the senses (Hebrews 11). It takes greater faith to believe that an unseen God exists than it does to just dismiss Him because you cannot physically confirm that He is there. No-one can ever prove that God exists by scientific methods. Religion and faith in God is based on individual beliefs. This is where the problem seems to lie, because most people fail to look inside themselves for God. Instead, they are so busy looking to their surroundings and other people to prove God exist. Romans clearly outlines what the real problem is and that is man’s rebellion and refusal to accept the evidence of nature or creation by God. The creation of the world God’s invisible qualities his eternal power and divine nature have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles. Which argument for the existence of God is strongest? Why?

The argument on the existence of God has been in the forefront of social consciousness than at any other time in human history. Philosophers have contemplated and presented different arguments attempting to explain the question, for hundreds of years which some say there is no conclusive proof that God does or does not exist. But, what is the strongest argument and why? It is my opinion that the strongest argument is the cosmological argument when compared to the other arguments along with fideism. This paper will present an argument for the cosmological argument as the strongest compared to the ontological, the design argument and fideism. The Cosmological Argument of all the philosophical arguments that attempt to provide proof that God exists, the cosmological argument is the strongest. The cosmological argument states “something we call the universe exists, regardless of how we might choose to characterize what it is we refer to as the universe. If the universe exists, something had to bring it into existence: a first cause. Furthermore, if the universe exists, and something therefore had to cause the universe to exist, then that first cause must exist. The only thing that could qualify as this first cause is God. Therefore, God exists” (Mosser, 2012, p.150). And of the different versions of the cosmological argument, it is St. Thomas Aquinos argument that provides the strength First he states that things to do not have to exist are contingent beings. Contingent beings required a cause to exist, and other contingent beings are incapable to provide the cause. So, a non contingent being that must exist provides the cause. Therefore if we,...
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