Parenting Styles

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Parenting Styles
Melissa Hameister
Black Hawk Technical College

Parenting Styles
There are many differing theories and opinions on the best ways to rear children, as well as differing levels of time and effort that parents are willing to invest. Many parents create their own style from a combination of factors, and these may evolve over time as the children develop their own personalities and move through life's stages. Each parenting style is affected by both the parents' and children's temperaments, and is largely based on the influence of one’s own parents and culture. Most parents learn parenting practices from their own parents — some they accept, some they discard. Most parents deal with their children one of 4 different styles.

Authoritarian, In this style of parenting, children are expected to follow the strict rules set by the parents. Telling their children exactly what to do, failure to follow rules usually results in punishment. Authoritarian parents fail to explain the reasoning behind these rules. If asked to explain, the parent might simply reply, "Because I said so." These parents have high demands, but are not responsive to their children. Then there is authoritative parenting which is similar to authoritarian parents, those with an authoritative parenting style establish rules and guidelines that their children are expected to follow. However, this parenting style is much more selected. Authoritative parents provide rules and guidance without being overbearing. They are responsive to their children and willing to listen to questions. When children fail to meet the expectations, these parents are more nurturing and forgiving rather than punishing.

Permissive parents, sometimes referred to as indulgent parents, have very few demands to make of their children. These parents rarely discipline their children because they have relatively low expectations of maturity and self-control. Permissive parents don’t protect their...
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