ROLE OF THE PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT (AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF UTTAR PRADESH) A.K. Mishra*, Naved Akhtar** & Sakshi Tarika***
Overall development of country is the main objective of Indian government since its independence. Earlier the main thrust for development was laid on Agriculture, Industry, Communication , Education, Health and Allied sectors but soon it was realized that the all round development of the country is possible only through the development of rural India. Keeping this in view Panchayati Raj Institutions have been introduced under the 73rd Amendment Act of the Constitution of India. Rural Development includes measures to strengthen the democratic structure of society through the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). It also includes measures to improve the rural infrastructure, improve income of rural households and delivery systems pertaining to education, health & safety mechanisms. Government of India has taken many steps to develop rural India and for this Department of Rural Development has been setup under the control of Ministry of Rural Development. The department through PRIs has launched various development schemes such as Sampoorna Swachchta Abhiyan, Gram Vikas Yojna, Farmer Market & Livestock Market, Underground Drainage System Construction Scheme and so on. Through these schemes Government of India seems to accomplish its dream of rural India’s development. Although some loopholes may also be seen. Without overcoming these drawbacks Government of India won’t be able to foster the growth of rural India.
INTRODUCTION India has been a welfare state ever since her Independence and the primary objective of all governmental endeavors has been the welfare of its millions. Elimination of poverty, ignorance, diseases and inequality of opportunities and providing a better and higher quality of life were the basic premises upon which all the plans and blue-prints of development were built. According to Ministry of Rural Development (Govt. of India) “Rural Development implies both the economic betterment of people as well as greater social transformation. In order to provide
the rural people with better prospects for economic development, increased participation of people in the rural development programmes, decentralization of planning, better enforcement of land reforms and greater access to credit are envisaged.” Initially, main thrust for development was laid on agriculture, industry, communication, education, health and allied sectors but later on it was realized that accelerated development can be provided only if governmental efforts are adequately supplemented by direct and indirect involvement of people at the grass root level. Keeping in view the needs and
* Head, Department of Commerce, M G Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi ** Research Scholar, Department of Commerce, M G Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi *** Lecturer, S. D. College of Commerce, Muzaffarnagar Vol. VII, No. 1; June, 2011
Role of the Panchayati Raj Institutions in Rural Development
aspirations of the local people, Panchayati Raj Institutions have been involved in the programme implementation and these institutions constitute the core of decentralized development of planning and its implementations. The Ministry is also vigorously pursuing with the State Governments for expeditious devolution of requisite administrative and financial powers to PRI’s as envisaged under 73rd Amendment Act of the Constitution of India. Uttar Pradesh, with a population of 16.62 crore as per 2001 Census, is the most populous State of the country. UP covers 2,40,928 sq.kms. and accounts for 7.3 percent of total area of the country which makes it the fifth largest State in the country. In the words of Ruskin Bond, “I had been to other countries - in Europe,Asia and the Middle East - but none of them had provided even half as much variety, or so much to see and experience and...