Overview of Anxiety Disorders

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Overview of Anxiety Disorders
1)Who among us have studied for a test without some anxiety? 2)Anxiety is defined as an uneasiness stemming from anticipation of danger 3)Fear and Anxiety are normal part of life
4)For instance, have you ever feared or developed some type of anxiety, if you ever had to walk down a dark street in a high crime area 5)Well, it’s our normal anxiety that keeps us alert, and helps us to make the decision of not walking down that dark street 6)As mental health professionals, we tend to focus on abnormal anxiety instead of normal anxiety 7)We’re concerned with anxiety that has reached overwhelming levels 8)Anxiety that has drastically reduced or eliminated one’s productivity 9)Anxiety that has significantly intrudes on one’s quality of life for which friends, family, and the individual cannot find the cause 10)In the DSM IV, there are 12 subtypes of Anxiety Disorders. However, I will be focusing on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or OCD. 11)The prevalence of Anxiety Disorders is startling. Nearly a quarter of the adult population in the United States will have an anxiety. 12)What is especially striking is how many times one or more of these anxiety disorders occur with each other and with other mental disorders, such as depression and substance abuse. 13)Nearly 60% of patients who are diagnosed with OCD are later diagnosed with depression. 14)Treatment of Anxiety Disorders involves medication or specific forms of psychotherapy, such as behavioral therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy 15)Behavioral Therapy – Focus on changing specific actions and uses techniques to decrease or stop unwanted behavior – i.e. Exposure Therapy – Gradually exposing the individual to what frightens them and helps them cope with their fears 16)Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy – Helps individual to learn to understand how their thinking contributes to their symptoms and how to change their thoughts so that symptoms are less likely to occur. And this...
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