1. Origami and its evolution
Origami is derived from Japanese word ‘oru’ (to fold)and ‘kami’ (paper). 1.1 History
Paper was first invented in China and was brought to Japan in the sixth century . Paper was a luxury, available to very few. Paper folding was hence strictly limited for ceremonial purposes, which were mostly religious in nature. By the Edo period (1603-1868), paper folding in Japan had become recreational as well as ceremonial, often featuring multiple cuts and folds. It came to be regarded as a new form of art that was enabled by the advent of both mass -produced and more affordable. Written instructions for paper folding first appeared in 1797, with Akisato Rito’s Sembazuru Orikata, or “thousand crane folding.” In 1845, Adachi Kazuyuki published a more comprehensive compilation of paper folding with Kayaragusa; by the late 1800s, the term for paper folding had morphed from orikata (“folded shapes”) to origami. Europe also has a tradition of paper folding that dates back to the twelfth century or before, when the Moors brought a tradition of mathematically based folding to Spain. The Spanish further developed paper folding into an artistic practice called papiroflexia or pajarita. By the 1800s, kindergarten-aged children in Europe and Japan were learning paper folding. 
1.2 Globalization of Origami
Akira Yoshizawa, the primogenitor of modern origami, developed a system of folding patterns, through the usage of a set of symbols, arrows and diagrams. These were soon published and later became widely available, leading to globalization and standardization of origami. Yoshizawa and other origami masters were part of various local and international organization, which publicized the art.
2. Types of Origami
2.1 Traditional Origami – Traditional origami consists of folding patterns, passed over the generations either orally or anonymously.The idea that origami has to be folded from a single uncut piece of paper is a misnomer. The...
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