Good Morning/Afternoon Today I will review Bram stokers' 1897 novel Dracula, the approaches I will be using to reviewing the novel include the world centred approach, and the reader response approach exploring the themes of reader positioning and the authors intented reading and reader, then focusing on the world centred approach of the feministtheory.
-attention on the reader
-different readers from different social, cultural, religious backgrounds etc , will being and interpret different meaning to text, refletc ing from there own backgrounds and life experiences
-perception of real life and the way the text presents personal or human life experiences
world centred approach
-derives from a range of sources
-post cononel and past structuralist theories
-covers universal themes...eg war, love , hate, good vs evil.
First we must look at Dracula from the reader response approach, Wolfgang Iser said: "A text can only come to life when it is read, and if it is to be examined, it must therefore be studied through the eyes of the reader"
This realism of this quote is evident within Bram Stokers' Dracula. As we are introduced to Stokers' characters they appear to almost come to life, with the majority of the novel being told in the form of journal entries and letters by the main characters Jonathan, mina, and Dr Seward, through the other characters opinions and descriptions we are positioned through , and purely by the authors inteded reading to obtain the negative feelings that the tittle character "Dracula" although his appearance in the text are few, the reader is immediately brought aware of the threat of his supernatural presence which is evident throughout the novel, an example of this is in a quote from the text describing draculas' unnatural presence, the description is as follows "His eyes were positively blazing,.The red light in them was lurid, as if the flames of hell-fire blazed behind them. His face was deathly pale, and the lines of it were hard like drawn wires, the thick eyebrows that met over the nose now seemed like a heaving bar of white hot metal". Unlike Dracula the human and moral characters created to appeal to the reader, within each character are characteristic are present that the reader can no doubt find and relate to people in there lives. Stokers' characters included Jonathan Harker is a young English lawyer, who is sent to his firm to transylvania to complete a real estate agreement with Dracula,The readers will relate with Johnathan as he is a strong willed and despire his physical weakness compared to that of dracula he continues to fight angainst all odds to protetc Mina from dracula,Now once Jonhathan arrives at the count castle, the count seems welcoming and insist for him to stay longer to teach him about English customs.........eventually Jonathan becomes aware that he is actually a prisoner and barely escapes with his life, the reader is soon aware of the relationships between the character and their attention is firstly brought to the relationship between Jonathan and Mina. Mina Murray is Jonathans' fiancee and later into the novel they wed, Mina is the heroine she is presented as a practical woman, working as a school teacher, the reader may relate to her personally through personal experience. Mina during the novel is victimised by dracula, Mina represents to the reader purity, innocence and religious faith .Slowly the relationships between the characters become evident we find Minas' bestfriend Miss Lucy Westenra, Is the counts first victim. Lucy is portaryed as an attractive, flirtatious woman, who is the interest of three young men who are also so of the character there is John Seward a young doctor, and the administrator of an asylum located near draculas English home. Arthur Holmwood a man of wealth, Who becomes Lucy's' fiancee and a close...