One Child Policy for the Future China
Whether It’s Still Favorable to be Implemented
(Based on The Advantages and Disadvantages)
Chemilia Gemilang Bekti
International Business Student of Southeast University, Nanjing, China
The family planning was introduced around 1980 to rein in China’s surging population by encouraging late marriages and pregnancies, as well as limiting most urban couples to one child most rural places couple to two children. The one child policy family planning was taking in the action of facing the population problem, since China is the world most populous nation which about to get more crowded if not anticipated by central or local government and of course each individual of china citizen. However, after about 3 decades of this policy rules the population control helped spur economic growth –but exacted a heavy social cost along the way, there’s another turmoil that’s on report surfaced in international media that in an effort of slow the rapid graying of the workforce, couples encouraged to have two kids if the parents are themselves only children, but contradictory reports are another manifestation of going rumors that Beijing is rethinking controversial one-child-policy.
a. History and Background
Soon after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, improved sanitation and medicine prompted rapid population growth that-after a century of wars, epidemics and unrest- was initially seen as an economic boon. “Even if China’s population multiplies many times, she is fully capable of finding solution; the solution is production.” Mao Zedong proclaimed in 1949. “Of all things in the world, people are the most precious.” The communist government condemned birth control and banned imports of contraceptives. However, population growth was taking a toll on nation’s food supply. In 1955 officials launched a campaign to promote birth control, only to have their efforts reversed in 1958 by the Great Leap Forward- Mao’s disastrous attempt to rapidly convert China into a modern industrialized state. “A larger population means greater manpower,” reasoned Hu Yaobang, secretary of the Communist Youth League, at a national conference of youth work representatives that April. “The force of 600 million liberated people is tens of thousands of times stronger than a nuclear explosion.” It also proved to be nearly as destructive: with many communities collectivized and converted from farming to steel production, food supplied behind population growth, by 1962 a massive famine had caused some 30 million deaths. In the aftermath, officials quietly resumed a propaganda campaign to limit population growth, only to be interrupted by the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution in 1966; it began again in 1969. A push under the slogan, “Late, Long, and Few” was successful: China’s population growth dropped by half from 1970 to 1976. But it soon leveled off, prompting officials to seek more drastic measures. In 1979 they introduced a policy requiring couples from China’s ethnic Han majority to have only one child (the law has largely exempted ethnic minorities). b. One Child Policy on Implementation
Since 1979, three years after Mao’s death, a one child policy was introduced to control China’s surging population and reduce the strain on scarce of resources. According to the policy it was commonly enforced, a couple was allowed to have one child. If that child turns out to be a girl, they were allowed to have a second child. After a second child, they were not allowed to have any more children. In some places though couples were only allowed to have one child regardless of whether it’s a boy or girl. It is unusual for a family to have two sons. Depending on where they live, couples can be fined thousands of dollars for having a supernumerary child without a permit, and reports of forced abortions or sterilization are common. The law also offers longer maternity leave, better child...
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