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bThe Ancient Olympic Games

When were the first Olympic Games?
The first known Olympic Games was recorded in around 776 BC in Olympia, Greece. They were celebrated until 396 AD.

What events took place in the Ancient Olympic Games?
The Ancient Olympic Games consisted of only one race, the "stade" race, which was the length of the stadium and between 180 and 240 metres long (we don't know for sure). Over the years more running races and other events were added, including boxing, wrestling, chariot racing, long jump, javelin and discus throwing.

Who took part in the Ancient Olympic Games?
Only young men could take part. They had to be free men, and speak Greek. They usually competed nude, and the prize was a crown of olive leaves (a sign of hope and peace).

Make an Olive leaf crown

Were women allowed at the Ancient Olympic Games?
Women were not allowed to take part. Married women were not even allowed to watch!

Now try to fill in this worksheet? What can you remember?
Ancient Olympic Games worksheet

The Modern Olympic Games

Who revived the idea of the Olympic Games?
A French nobleman, Pierre Fredy, the Baron de Coubertin, born in 1863. When he was young, Coubertin was a very keen sportsman. As he grew older he developed a passionate belief that sport could encourage peace throughout the world and bring people from all over the world together.

Coubertin was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games and travelled around the world, spending his own money, trying to persuade people to revive them. Eventually he managed to bring together representatives of many different countries in Paris, in 1894, and the Olympic Movement was begun.

Baron Pierre de Coubertin - notebooking pages

When and where were the first modern Olympic Games held?
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896.

Did women compete in this first modern Olympic Games?
No! Women began to compete in 1900. For many years there were problems for...
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