Olympic Parks - Feasible Solutions for Legacy?

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2008

PERSONAL PROJECT
Olympic Parks – Feasible Solutions for Legacy?

Sandra Kühni Lausanne 07.12.2008

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ABSTRACT
Large-scale Olympic Parks encompassing several Olympic competition venues, large spectator concourse areas and a multitude of amenities are a relatively recent phenomenon. An Olympic Park area is a cluster, generally the biggest of the Summer Olympic Games, which only spectators with tickets and duly accredited staff, visitors and guests can access. It is a grouping of Olympic venues in the same security perimeter or in legal terms in the same Olympic domain. This definition of Olympic Park is based on very strict Olympic venue security and transport operational requirements. If Olympic Parks, which are highly beneficial during Games operations, are conceived as a totality, interact with the pre-existing urban network and are embedded into a wider, long-term, urban development strategy, they have the potential to trigger sustainable, vibrant and livable post-Games urban landscapes. This study aims to investigate if Olympic Parks are viable solutions for post-Games in that they can be transformed with relative ease to create high post-Olympic demand and a quality environment for people to visit instead of half-empty and costly ‘white elephants’. By comparing the four Olympic Parks of the four most recent Games in terms of location relative to city centres, spatial distribution, sport venues and transportation infrastructure, differences and commonalities among them are explored as an attempt to gain insights for future bids. Particular focus will be placed on both Olympic Parks of the 2000 Sydney Games and the 2012 London Games. Past experience shows that adequate assessments of the city’s built environment and the possibility for local inhabitants to shape the future of the Olympic Park increase the chances of its successful transition to post-Olympic uses meeting both global and local needs.

SUPERVISOR:
Philippe Bovy Honorary Professor of Transport and Mobility Swiss Federal Institute of Technology at Lausanne, Switzerland IOC – Olympic Transport Advisor MSA 2008 – AISTS - Personal Project Page 1/89

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This paper would not have been possible without the advice and support of many people. Special thanks to Richard Cashman, Niall McNevin, John Booker and Jerome Frost for their time and expertise. Professor Bovy’s advice and insight was crucial to the final formulation of this study. Thanks also to Michelle Lemaitre for much appreciated guidance and support. Finally, I would like to thank my friends and family for their patience.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 10 1.1 1.2 1.3 2 Justification for the Research ..................................................................................................... 13 Objectives and Outline ............................................................................................................... 14 Scope and Limitations of the Study ............................................................................................ 15

Methodology ....................................................................................................................................... 16 2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.4 Research Method ....................................................................................................................... 16 Qualitative and quantitative Research ....................................................................................... 16 Qualitative Approach.................................................................................................................. 16 Data Collection Procedure.......................................................................................................... 17 Primary...
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