Researched & Presented By:
Glenson Sequeira (41)
OIL AND GAS
Oil and Gas Industry in India is a 110 billion USD industry (as in March '2007). The India oil & gas demand ranks it sixth in the world. The oil and gas industry has been instrumental in fuelling the rapid growth of the Indian economy. The petroleum and natural gas sector which includes transportation, refining and marketing of petroleum products and gas constitutes over 15 per cent of the GDP.
OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
The oil and gas history in India dates back to 1867, with the discovery of oil deposits in Makum, near Margherita, Assam. The oil and gas sector in India has since witnessed the birth of numerous oil and gas companies. In India, the oil and gas industry jobs attract huge labour force. With the inset of bigger players into the oil & gas sector in India engaging in mass oil & gas production, the oil & gas prices have been revised although still in the unaffordable segment. A rapid increase is also seen in the demand of oil & gas exploration and drilling equipment and services. The oil & gas fields both onshore and offshore provides mass employment opportunities and also contribute in a wholesome way in increasing the oil & gas reserves of India. Despite of new finds in oil & gas wells, increase in the drilling operations, advancement in oil extraction methods, pumps and machine and other equipments and technology, the costs have not come down. The oil & gas prices are still a matter of utmost concern for the Government of India.
OIL AND GAS REFINING IN INDIA
India oil refining capacity is the sixth largest in the world. India is soon emerging as a leading exporter of refined petroleum products in the world. India has around 6000 kms of product pipelines along with over 34,600 government of India (GOI) owned retail outlets. Oil refining is an industrial process of processing crude oil into petroleum products that have wider usage. The petroleum products obtained by oil refining are Gasoline or Petrol, Kerosene, Diesel, Fuel Oil, Asphalt, Paraffin Wax, Lubricating Oil, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) etc. These products by the oil & gas exploration and production companies in India have a wide market world over.
OIL AND GAS COMPANIES IN INDIA
Public Sector Undertakings (PSU's):
ONGC - Oil & Natural Gas Corp (exploration and production) OIL - Oil India Limited (exploration & production) IOC - Indian Oil Corporation (refining & marketing) BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (refining and marketing) HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum (refining & marketing) GSPC - Gujarat State Petroleum Corp
Private Oil & Gas companies in India
RIL - Reliance Industries Limited (Indian Oil & gas company) ESSAR (Indian Oil & Gas company) Cairns Energy India BG energy Niko (upstream exploration & production) Chevron Oil Limited Shell Oil BP Total (downstream exploration & production, chemicals)
An achievement that deserves mention here is that five of the Indian oil and gas companies are listed in Global Fortune 500.
SIZE AND COMPOSITION
The Indian Market Place 2.722 million bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil and Gas Industry in India is a 110 billion USD industry. Oil accounts for about 44% of India's primary energy consumption. The majority of India's oil reserves of roughly 4.7 billion barrels are located in Bombay High‚ Upper Assam, Cambay, Krishna-Godavari and Cauvery basins. The offshore Bombay High field is India's largest oil producing field, with
production of 260,000 barrels per day (bbl/d). Petroleum exports have also emerged as the single largest foreign exchange earner, accounting for 17.24 per cent of the total exports in 2007-08. Growth continued in 2008-09 with the export of petroleum products touching US$ 23.63 billion during April-December 2008. In November 2008, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs awarded 44 oil and gas exploration blocks under the seventh...