In John Keats, "Ode on a Grecian Urn", a boy finds himself entangled in his dream about an ancient carving. Keats uses an assortment of techniques to bring life to the work and make it more enjoyable to read. Using these techniques helps keep the readers attention, while also helping the reader to better relate to the situation.
Imagery is the technique most widely used, probably because everyone can relate to it in their own way. John Keats uses imagery to make the reader truly feel what he is describing. One of Keats' examples of imagery is found at the begining of the second stanza when he writes, "Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeter." This leaves the reader feeling a sense of sweetness about the pipers melodies.
When a writer uses the dictionary definition of a word it is called denotation. Keats speaks of "timbrels" in the tenth line; it should be expected that the majority will not know what that word means.
Keats uses connotation to add more passion to his writing and emotion to his words. His use of connotation is concurrent with imagery in the last line of the third stanza when he writes, "A burning forehead, and a parching tongue." By using these two literary elements in conjunction with each other he was able to create larger emphasis over that statement.
Allusion is the technique used to refer back in history or literature. Authors and poets both use allusion to bring content and a realistic environment to the work. Keats tells of the dales of Arcady, adding to his work, another dimension of reality.
Irony is the discrepancy of what is expected to happen and what really does happen. "Bold Lover, never, never canst thou kiss," is ironic because generally one would think of lovers kissing ,but, these two will never be able to show their affection. Irony is a widely used technique because it has the ability to create vivid twists in the plot that make it much more exciting...