2.1 Describe ways in which children and young people can experience prejudice and discrimination
When working in schools, the member of staff should always be aware of ways that children can experience prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice is mainly a negative feeling or attitude towards other children or young person, based on stereotypical assumptions, having no information or misinformation about them. Prejudice is about prejudgement basically making up our minds on something about someone before we have any personal experience of or facts about them. Our prejudices may be influenced by our wish to conform and follow others, by our vulnerability, upbringing, family attitudes, friends or by ignorance. Discrimination is a behaviour or action based on prejudice. Discrimination is the end result when a child or a young person is treated badly because they are different or disable and the reasons for this treatment are not relevant and cannot be justified. When people demonstrate prejudice, they often start to label children e.g a group of children who receive additional support with reading may be labelled as the 'slow' group. There are direct discrimination that happens to children and young person who is only allowed to access part of the curriculum and school activities because of their current situation such as race, gender or disability e.g where a school would not allow or accept a pupil because of their special educational need or a group of pupil do not let another pupil join in with them because of their race. The member of staff need to be aware of ways that children or young people might experience indirect discrimination. This can be more difficult to spot because indirect discrimination often occurs when practice and procedures are applied without consideration to individuals circumstances. A child will not be excluded directly but maybe unable to take part because of their personal situation e.g school visiting the caves where pupils must wear a hard hat will indirectly discriminate against a pupil who is wearing a turban as part of his religion. There is also institutional discrimination, this happens when the policies and procedures of an organisation allow practice which directly or indirectly discriminates against someone. Individuals or groups may be practiced within the school and this could be staff, visitors to the school or other children and young people.
2.2 Describe the impact of prejudice and discrimination on children and young people
This will have a major impact on them and these Children can suffer from a climate of prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice creates social and emotional tension and can lead to fear, angry, feeling lonely and not wanted. Prejudice and discrimination can undermine the self-esteem and self-confidence of those being ridiculed and make them feel terrible, unaccepted and unworthy. When that happens, their school performance often suffers, they may become depressed and socially withdrawn and childhood can become a much less happy time.
Prejudice is learned at a very young age from parents, other children and people and institutions outside of the family. Children are aware of differences among people, primarily in characteristics like appearance, language and names, but later they are aware of religious and cultural distinctions as well. To some extent, children begin to define and identify themselves through their understanding of these personal differences.
As youngsters try to make sense of these individual distinctions, they may hear and accept simplified stereotypes about others. When that happens, they not only develop distorted views of the youngsters and adults they encounter in daily life, but they may start to deny and overlook the common, universal human elements and traits that would bring people together. As a result, intolerance may develop where there...