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BTEC Level 2 Certificate in Preparing to Work in Adult Social Care Unit 4 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Unit sector reference: HSC 024 Level 2 Credit value: 3 This unit introduces the important area of safeguarding individuals from abuse. It identifies different types of abuse and the signs and symptoms that might indicate abuse is occurring. It considers when individuals might be particularly vulnerable to abuse and what a learner must do if abuse is suspected or alleged.

BTEC Level 2 Certificate in Preparing to Work in Adult Social Care Unit 4 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Unit sector reference: HSC 024 Level 2 Credit value: 3 This unit introduces the important area of safeguarding individuals from abuse. It identifies different types of abuse and the signs and symptoms that might indicate abuse is occurring. It considers when individuals might be particularly vulnerable to abuse and what a learner must do if abuse is suspected or alleged.

Abuse is a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by any other person or persons. It can be intentional OR unintentional. Abuse is complex. Whereas some instances may be easy to identify, many are not and only come to light over a period of time. It is important that care workers work within the boundaries of their role – but are alert and aware of their responsibilities. There may be considerable dispute over what is and is not abuse. This is an ideal opportunity for practitioners to work in groups to discuss good practice issues. Use the expertise of experienced practitioners – but be prepared to challenge.

Give a DEFINITION of the following types of abuse and describe signs and symptoms associated with each: (BTEC L2 U4 1.1, 1.2, QCF L2 U5 1.1, 1.2) Physical abuse
, Injuries that are the shape of objects. Injuries in a variety of stages or injuries that have not received medical attention. A person being taken too many different places to receive medical attention. Skin infections, Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost. Behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator or Change of behaviour.

Sexual abuse
, Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy. Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas. Soreness when sitting. Signs that someone is trying to take control of their body image, for example, anorexia, bulimia, self-harm or sexualised behaviour. Inappropriately dressed.

Emotional/psychological abuse
Difficulty gaining access to the adult on their own. The adult not getting access to medical care or appointments with other agencies. Low self-esteem or lack of confidence and anxiety. Increased levels of confusion. Increased urinary or faecal incontinence. Sleep disturbance. The person feeling/acting as if they are being watched all of the time. Decreased ability to communicate. Language being used that is not usual for the service user. Deference/submission to the perpetrator.

Financial abuse

Sudden loss of assets. Unusual or inappropriate financial transactions. Visitors whose visits always coincide with the day a person's benefits are cashed. Insufficient food in the house. Bills not being paid A sense that the person is being tolerated in the house due to the income they bring in; sometimes with that person not included in the activities the rest of the family enjoys.

Institutional abuse
treating adults like children. Arbitrary decision making by staff group, service or organisation. Strict, regimented or inflexible routines or schedules for daily activities such as meal times, bed /awakening times, bathing /washing, going to the toilet. Lack of choice or options, such as food and drink, dress, possessions, daily activities and social activities. Lack of privacy, dignity, choice or respect for people as individual’s unsafe or...
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