Florence Nightingale is most remembered as the pioneer of nursing as well as the first nursing researcher. During the Crimean War in 1854, Nightingale and 38 nurses traveled to the military hospital Scutari, in Turkey, to care for the wounded soldiers. The conditions they found were horrible. Soldiers were lying in filth, there was little medications and fewer supplies. There was no ventilation and an open sewer ran beneath the hospital. Morbidity and mortality rates were a staggering 43%.(Fee & Garofalo, 2010).
Significance to nursing. Nightingale's research had a great impact on the nursing profession. Her research changed the views of society as well as the military regarding the care of the soldiers. Florence focused on cleanliness, ventilation, water purity and improving sanitation, which changed the mortality rates from 43 percent to 2 percent. (Burns & Grove, 2011, p. 10-12).
Purpose of Study
The morbidity and mortality rate at the military hospital was the highest among all the hospitals in the region. Nightingale's mission was to figure out why the rate was so much higher in Scutari. Her focus was also on the sanitary conditions of the hospital and how it affected the mortality rate. (Fee & Garofalo, 2010).
Florence had several things she wanted to accomplish regarding the military hospital. Her first concern was sanitizing the hospital and providing soldiers with nutritional food, clean water, and appropriate medical care. Then, her focus was on a clean environment and ventilation. (Fee & Garofalo, 2010).
Concepts: Nightingale believed a healthy environment was essential for the healing process. She also believed that all patients deserved respect. Everyone, including soldiers, who at that time were persecuted by the military, had the right to appropriate medical care. (Fee & Garofalo, 2010).
Florence was one of the first to use quantitative research. She kept...
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