Nuclear Energy Will Cause More Harm to the Nation

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Title: Nuclear energy will bring more harmed to human nation. 1.0 Nuclear energy bring more harm than benefits as it lacks of safety monitoring, it affects the humans health and lastly it affects the environment and ecosystem

2.0 Nuclear energy implementation lacks of safety monitoring.

3.1 Leakage and old-fashion designed of nuclear power plants could actually endanger the workers.

3.2.1 The leakage of nuclear power plants is also recognizes as ‘meltdown’. It is the process, where by the core inside the nuclear reactor is damage from overheating and will end up with a big explosion, eventually exposes dangerous radiation into the air. 3.2.2.1 For example, the leakage happened at Chernobyl nuclear power plants on April 24, 1986 in Ukraine. Radiation doses on the first day were estimated to range up to 20,000 millisieverts (mSv), causing 28 deaths – six of which were firemen – by the end of July 1986. It was a full scale breakdown. (Chernobyl Accident 1986, April 2011)

3.2.2.2 The radiation leakage also happened at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power stations of Tokyo Electric Power Company in Okumamachi after the major earthquake in 2011. It is reported that 4 from 6 nuclear reactors from Fukushima Daiichi complex collapse (Bonnie Osif and Svetlana Alexievich, n.d).

3.2.2 The old-fashion designed of nuclear reactors can also carry danger as the building scale does not follow the regular specification made by IAEA Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) in 2007. 3.2.3.3 It is recommended that the plants must have a suitable primary system such as reactor vessel, reactor core, reactor coolant system and many more that have been enhanced.

3.2.3.4 It is also adviced that they should have the best security protection such as fire protection, emergency power supply and emergency feed water. (IAEA Power Reactor Information System (PRIS), 2007)

3.2 Methods used to dispose nuclear waste are not systematic and efficient.

3.3.3 This clearly goes against Article 2(10) and 2(23) of the Atomic Energy (Safe Disposal of Radioactive Wastes) Rules 1987.

3.3.4.5 In 1997, Taiwan’s attempt to export radioactive waste to North Korea by signing a contract to ship up to 200,000 barrels for permanent storage, in exchange for payments up to $230 million.

3.3.4.6 Taiwan has had difficulty finding a proper site for the construction of domestic nuclear waste disposal facilities. (Young Ja-Bae, 2005)

3.3.4 The nuclear waste disposal is disposed in an irresponsible way that can cause severe radiation contamination to the environment. 3.3.5.7 The former Soviet Union and now, Russia have reportedly dumped radioactive waste in the Sea of Japan since 1950s’. A report of an environmental group, Greenpeace, first revealed the surprising fact in February 1993, and Russian authorities admitted it the following month. 3.3.5.8 Even then, the Russian navy audaciously dumped 900 tons of low level liquid nuclear waste directly in the Sea of Japan in October, 1993. It is feared that fish and sea plants may be contaminated by those radioactive material (Takashi Marioka, 1997).

3.0 Nuclear energy brings harmful health effect to human nation.

4.3 Nuclear energy gives short term health effects to human body.

4.4.5 This non-shocastic effect or short-term effect occur high level of radiations. The effect will be more severe if the exposure is increased (Abishek Shah, 2011).

3.1.2 Usually, This non-shocastic effect is referred to ‘acute’ exposure which mean sudden thing with bad effect (Abishek Shah, 2011). 3.1.2.1 Among the example of this case are nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, headache and fever. (Health Effect of Nuclear Radiation...
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