Notes on Society

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Chapter 10
Social Stratification: a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy, it is a trait of society, found in all society's, carries over from generation to generation and creates systems and class

Social Mobility: a change in position within the social hierarchy

Caste System: Closed system based on ascription, or birth, little or no mobility, shapes a persons entire life, occupation and marriage. Found in traditional Agrarian societies. Class System: social stratification based on both birth, ascription and individual achievement, meritocracy.

Meritocracy: Social stratification based on personal merit

Status Consistency: the degree of uniformity in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality. Example: A college professor with advanced degrees enjoys high prestige but only earns a modest wage.

Structural Social Mobility: a shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts

Ideology: cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality

Davis Moore thesis: A system of unequal rewards is necessary to place talented people in the right jobs and to motivate them to work hard. the functional analysis claiming that social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of society

Blue Collar occupations: lower prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labor

White Collar occupations: Higher-prestige jobs that involve mostly mental activity

Socioeconomic Status, SES: a composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality

Conspicuous Consumption: Buying and using products because of the "statement" they make about social position

Chapter 11

Income: earnings from work or investments

Wealth: The total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts

Intragenerational Social Mobility: a change in social position occurring during...
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