AP English Lang.
Jonathan Edwards was a Puritan pastor who gave a sermon about how all unconverted men would go to hell because they are going against God. This sermon was meant for his congregation. His purpose in preaching this sermon was to persuade people to be pure Puritans. He persuades his congregation by talking about how God is the master of everything they do and being an unconverted Puritan would send them to hell, which is why Puritans must convert. Edwards’ main point throughout his sermon is that people must be devoted Puritans because anyone who strays off the path of God will be seen as un-pure in the eyes of God and will go straight to hell.
In his sermon Edwards uses different types of figurative language in order to persuade his congregation. One thing he is really big on is his use of metaphors. “Uncovered men walk over the pit of hell on a rotten covering, and there are innumerable places in this covering so weak that they will not bear their weight, and these places are not seen.” This is one of the metaphors he uses and it’s powerful because it goes along with what he is trying to say, unconverted Puritans will burn in hell. This is also a form of ethos because it’s a form of persuasion. By saying this, it gets his congregation listening to everything he wants them to do because none of them want to end up in hell. This metaphor uses pathos because it gives off a certain type of emotion that can be classified as fear. This sermon makes people who listen to it be afraid of what might happen to them if they don’t listen to Edwards.