The Federal Republic of Nigeria comprises thirty six states and its Federal Capital Territory is Abuja. Nigeria is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. The Flag
The flag of Nigeria consists of three equal sized vertical stripes - the right and left stripe are green; and the middle stripe is white. The Nigerian flag was adopted the same day Nigeria gained independence from Britain on October 1, 1960. A competition was held to choose a new national flag to represent an independent Nigeria. A design by a Nigerian student named Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi was chosen in 1959 from almost 3,000 entries. The coat of arms
The Coat of Arms of Nigeria has a black shield with two white stripes that come together, like the letter Y. These represent the two main rivers flowing through Nigeria: the Benue River and the Niger River. The black shield represents Nigeria's good earth while the two horses on each side represent dignity. The eagle represents strength, while the green and white bands on the top of the shield represent the rich agricultural land of the inspiring country. The yellow flowers at the base (incorrectly shown as red in the image) are Costus Spectabilis, Nigeria's national flower. NATIONAL ANTHEM
"Arise, O Compatriots" is the national anthem of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It was adopted in 1978, and replaced Nigeria We Hail Thee. The lyrics are a combination of words and phrases taken from five of the best entries in a national contest. The words were put to music by the Nigerian Police Band under the directorship of Benedict Elise Odiase. THE NATIONAL MOTTO
The National Motto is "Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress". Currency
Naira is the Nigerian currency
ORIGIN OF THE NAME NIGERIA
In an essay, which first appeared in The Times on 8 January 1897, Flora Shaw suggested the name "Nigeria" for the British Protectorate on the Niger River. In her essay Shaw was making a case for a shorter term that would be used for the "agglomeration of pagan and Mahamedan States" that was functioning under the official title, "Royal Niger Company Territories". She thought that the term "Royal Niger Company Territories" was too long. POPULATION
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, the eighth most populous country in the world The United Nations estimates that the population in 2009 was at 154,729,000. The rural area made up of 51.7% and urban area 48.3%. The population density was estimated to be 167.5 people per square kilometer. POLITICAL SITUATION
On October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom and has since been mostly under the military rule. Nigeria re-achieved democracy in 1999 when it elected Olusegun Obasanjo, the former military head of state, as the new President ending almost thirty three-years of military rule (from 1966 until 1999) excluding the short-lived second republic (between 1979 and 1983) . Umaru Yar'Adua, of the People's Democratic Party, came into power in the general election of 2007 Yar'Adua died on 5 May 2010. Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan was sworn in as Yar'Adua's replacement on 6 May 2010, becoming Nigeria's 14th Head of State. He will serve as President until the next election On 18 May 2010, the National Assembly approved President Goodluck Jonathan's nomination of former Kaduna State governor, Namadi Sambo, an architect, for the position of Vice President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Nigeria is the 12th largest producer of petroleum in the world and the 8th largest exporter, and has the 10th largest proven reserves. It is also the largest exporter of oil in Africa. Petroleum plays a large role in the Nigerian economy. Agriculture used to be the principal foreign exchange earner of Nigeria. At one time, Nigeria was the world's largest exporter of groundnuts,...