Net Banking

Topics: Transport Layer Security, Certificate authority, World Wide Web Pages: 16 (5183 words) Published: February 11, 2013
Online banking
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Online banking (or Internet banking or E-banking) allows customers of a financial institution to conduct financial transactions on a secure website operated by the institution, which can be aretail or virtual bank, credit union or building society. To access a financial institution's online banking facility, a customer having personal Internet access must register with the institution for the service, and set up some password (under various names) for customer verification. The password for online banking is normally not the same as for telephone banking. Financial institutions now routinely allocate customer numbers (also under various names), whether or not customers intend to access their online banking facility. Customer numbers are normally not the same as account numbers, because a number of accounts can be linked to the one customer number. The customer will link to the customer number any of those accounts which the customer controls, which may be cheque, savings, loan, credit card and other accounts. Customer numbers will also not be the same as any debit or credit card issued by the financial institution to the customer. To access online banking, the customer would go to the financial institution's website, and enter the online banking facility using the customer number and password. Some financial institutions have set up additional security steps for access, but there is no consistency to the approach adopted. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Features * 2 History * 3 Security * 3.1 Attacks * 3.2 Countermeasures * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links| -------------------------------------------------

Online banking facilities offered by various financial institutions have many features and capabilities in common, but also have some that are application specific. The common features fall broadly into several categories

* A bank customer can perform some non-transactional tasks through online banking, including - * viewing account balances
* viewing recent transactions
* downloading bank statements, for example in PDF format * viewing images of paid cheques
* ordering cheque books
* download periodic account statements
* Downloading applications for M-banking, E-banking etc. * Bank customers can transact banking tasks through online banking, including - * Funds transfers between the customer's linked accounts * Paying third parties, including bill payments (see, e.g., BPAY) and telegraphic/wire transfers * Investment purchase or sale

* Loan applications and transactions, such as repayments of enrollments * Register utility billers and make bill payments
* Financial institution administration
* Management of multiple users having varying levels of authority * Transaction approval process
Some financial institutions offer unique Internet banking services, for example * Personal financial management support, such as importing data into personal accounting software. Some online banking platforms support account aggregation to allow the customers to monitor all of their accounts in one place whether they are with their main bank or with other institutions. -------------------------------------------------

The precursor for the modern home online banking services were the distance banking services over electronic media from the early 1980s. The term online became popular in the late '80s and referred to the use of a terminal, keyboard and TV (or monitor) to access the banking system using a phone line. ‘Home banking’ can also refer to the use of a numeric keypad to send tones down a phone line with instructions to the bank. Online services started in New York in 1981 when four of the city’s major banks (Citibank, Chase Manhattan, Chemical and Manufacturers Hanover)...
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