Neoclassicism, one of the major art movements, began around the middle of the 18th century and lasted until the first part of the 19th century. Just before the beginning of the Neoclassic movement the public's interest in the Renaissance and Classic Greek and Roman art began to come back to life. Along with the public's newly found interest in the renaissance and Greek and Roman art the public also began to oppose the previous styles of Rococo and Baroque (Sayre, 2010). Along with the public's changing art interests political changes are also thought to have had a hand in the start of the Neoclassic movement. At the time the United States was becoming independent and creating its own democratic political system. At the same time France was becoming a republic. Together France and the United States decided to design their public buildings around the Neoclassic style. Neoclassic style paintings centered around few subjects, the most prominent being virtues. Painters at that time thought that men and women always in the public eye should look moralized and emotionless in paintings. In The Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries by Jacques Louis David, Napoleon was meant to be seen as an emperor and military leader, both of which were very serious roles always keeping him within the public eye. In the painting Napoleon is seen wearing his military uniform. Napoleons face shows no emotion at all and his eyes seem to have no life in them. The background, the study, seems very bland. The lines and colors used in the painting are simple. These elements together symbolize the morality and virtuous nature of the time period, and can be seen as subject in most paintings during the Neoclassic movement. Impressionism
When the Neoclassic movement came to an end in the first half of the 19th century the Impressionism movement began. The Impressionist art movement lasted until the beginning of the 20th century. The beginning of the Impressionist movement was marked by...
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