Neoclassical Period

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Neoclassical Period
The age of reason

What was life like in this period?
* Religious fundamentalism
* Newspapers
* Concerts
* Public parks
* Insurance
* Post office
* Shopkeepers
* Respected politeness and restraint
* Feared enthusiasm
* England was about to become Great Britain (1707)
* Imperial grandeur
* Wealthy, powerful, scientific development
* considered themselves the new leading country (the new roman empire) * Also vicious: poor, criminals, aliens
* Succesful, stable unhappy, divided
* People had leisure time
* Emergence of “public sphere”
* Newspapers
* Pamphlets
* Coffee-houses
* Political and social clubs

Enlightenment
* Increased reverence for logic and reasoning
* “Have the courage to use your common sense!”
* What does this painting tell us about enlightenment?
Science
* New authority: replaced authority of church
* Empirical evidence: Proof!
* Natural history
* Astronomy
* Chemistry
* Popular!
* Sir Isaac Newton:
* studied fields of mathematics, optics and gravitation (astronomy): apple story * Proves that the universe is designed according to rational principles * basis of physics
* Epitaph:
Nature and Nature’s laws lay hid in night;
God said, Let Newton be! And all was light

How did these inventions affect religion?
* Clear proof provided by science erased superstitions
* Reason could uncover the rules that unerlay the chaos of the human and material world * Natural Religion: a movement that wanted to prove the existence of God

Philosophy
* John Locke:
* How do we know what we know?
* Tabula Rasa (Blank Slate):
* Knowledge is based on experience
* Seperation of state and religion
* Father of Liberalism:
* liberty of the individual and equal rights

* David Hume...
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