The age of reason
What was life like in this period?
* Religious fundamentalism
* Public parks
* Post office
* Respected politeness and restraint
* Feared enthusiasm
* England was about to become Great Britain (1707)
* Imperial grandeur
* Wealthy, powerful, scientific development
* considered themselves the new leading country (the new roman empire) * Also vicious: poor, criminals, aliens
* Succesful, stable unhappy, divided
* People had leisure time
* Emergence of “public sphere”
* Political and social clubs
* Increased reverence for logic and reasoning
* “Have the courage to use your common sense!”
* What does this painting tell us about enlightenment?
* New authority: replaced authority of church
* Empirical evidence: Proof!
* Natural history
* Sir Isaac Newton:
* studied fields of mathematics, optics and gravitation (astronomy): apple story * Proves that the universe is designed according to rational principles * basis of physics
Nature and Nature’s laws lay hid in night;
God said, Let Newton be! And all was light
How did these inventions affect religion?
* Clear proof provided by science erased superstitions
* Reason could uncover the rules that unerlay the chaos of the human and material world * Natural Religion: a movement that wanted to prove the existence of God
* John Locke:
* How do we know what we know?
* Tabula Rasa (Blank Slate):
* Knowledge is based on experience
* Seperation of state and religion
* Father of Liberalism:
* liberty of the individual and equal rights
* David Hume...