Nature of Sociology in Social Analysis

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Efforts have been made by several scholars to define or describe the term Sociology. I shall however use the definitions given by two different authors. Schaeffer and Lamm (1997) defines Sociology as ‘’the systematic study of Social Behaviour and human groups. By this definition Sociology is been considered as a field in research study. Sociology is primarily concerned with the analysis and explanation of social phenomenon within a social context. It attempts to understand or explain relationships and the patterns of such relationships.

Prof. B.I.C. Ijomah (2008) says Sociology is seen as a logical discourse of the society or of people in interdependent relationships. The idea of logical discourse in the above description of Sociology is the disciplines reliance on observable social phenomenon. Sociology is interested in ‘what is’ and not ‘what aught to be’. To do the latter is to lay emphasis on morality at the expense of social reality.

Sociology is not restricted to individuals or family units it cuts across the family, politics, religion, economy and education. It can be viewed from individual patterns of relationships, family, kinship, formal organisations, groups, national entities and international communities. Sociology attempts to understand why things are the way they are. To put it this way, it studies social facts such as crime, prostitution, bribery, marriage, religion, fertility, population, migration, suicide, etc, etc. Sociology is not only concerned with what is it also seeks to know how the past has shaped the present and how the present can be studied to predict the future. This is what makes the field a veritable platform for proffering possible solutions to social or and sociological problems. Like other social sciences Sociology can help to create national development, international peace...
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