Natural Disester

Topics: Tsunami, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, Earthquake Pages: 13 (3791 words) Published: April 21, 2011

Natural disasters are extreme, sudden events caused by environmental factors. They can happen at any time, often with little or no warning and they can cause serious injury to people and property. Earthquakes, tornadoes, wind storms, floods, tsunamis, wild fires, hurricanes, and heat waves often strike with little or no warning. People who are prepared for such an event have a better chance of survival. Preparation ensures that if disaster occurs people are ready to get through it safely and make an efficient response. Preparedness means figuring out what you'll do when a disaster occurs, planning for problems that may occur during the disaster, and practicing the plan.

A natural disaster is the effect of a natural hazard (e.g., flood, tornado, hurricane, volcanic eruption, earthquake, or landslide). It leads to financial, environmental or human losses.

A natural disaster is an event caused by natural forces of nature that often has a significant effect on human populations. Typically the human populations either are displaced (left homeless) or killed.

Natural disasters are cataclysmic events that can have a direct or indirect impact on the public's health and well-being, according to the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Natural disasters can include weather phenomena as well as landslides and avalanches, which occur as a result of erosion or severe weather patterns.

Tsunami in Japan

A GREAT 8.9 magnitude earthquake has hit the northeastern coast of Japan, quickly followed by a 13-foot tsunami that has devastated the Miyagi shoreline. This major earthquake marks as the largest to hit in Japan's history, and is being added to an Earthquake in Japan 2011 list that already includes the 7.2 quake that hit earlier in the week. Once reported an 8.4 by the Japanese Meteorological Agency, the magnitude of the quake was upgraded to an 8.9 by the The U.S. Geological Survey.

A huge earthquake has again rattled northeast Japan shutting down two more nuclear power plants, and triggering a tsunami warning in the same region devastated in last month's quake. Two power plants are reportedly off line following the 7.1 magnitude earthquake that struck coastal Miyagi Prefecture at 11:32 p.m. local time Thursday. The quake is the largest aftershock since the 9.0 quake struck the Northeast city of Sendai on March 11. People near the coast were told to immediately evacuate to higher ground, according to the Japanese meteorological agency. A small wave reached the coast around 12:40 a.m. Friday and the warning was lifted. Buildings as far away as Tokyo, nearly 200 miles from Miyagi, trembled for about a minute.

At approximately 2:45pm local time Friday, March 11th 2011 the 8.4 earthquake struck 130 kilometers off of the coast of Sendai, and around 382 km northeast of the capital city Tokyo. It's been said that the epicenter hit at a depth of 24 kilometers. Some residents have reported that the shaking lasted for 4-5 minutes, followed by numerous aftershocks.

According to the U.S. Geological Survey a total of 227,898 people died (see table below for details). Measured in lives lost, this is one of the ten worst earthquakes in recorded history, as well as the single worst tsunami in history. Indonesia was the worst affected area, with most death toll estimates at around 170, 000. However, another report by health minister Fadilah Supari has estimated the death total to be as high as 220,000 in Indonesia alone, giving a total of 280,000 casualties.

The tsunami caused serious damage and deaths as far as the east coast of Africa, with the farthest recorded death due to the tsunami occurring at Rooi Els in South Africa, 8,000 km (4,971 mi) away from the epicentre. In total, eight people in South Africa died due to abnormally high sea levels and waves.

Relief agencies report that one-third of the dead appear to be children. This is a result of the high proportion of children in the...
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