Myth Study Guide

Topics: Greek mythology, Zeus, Mythology Pages: 20 (5321 words) Published: March 25, 2013
CLT3378 Exam 1
Dr. Branscome
Section 4
Above is a link to a useful, flash card, study tool to help master these terms.

* Hero: Figures in whom the gods take a special interest. An example of a hero in Greek culture is Hercules.

* Trickster: Tricksters are amoral, shape-shifting deceivers in mythology. An example in the Babylonian Enuma Elish is the god Ea.

* Polytheism: The belief and acknowledgement of many gods. Polytheistic cultures include the Greeks, Canaanites and Babylonians.

* Anthropomorphism: Conception of gods "in shape of human beings," have features of humans and act like humans. An example of this is Baal in the Canaanite Baal Cycle.

* Binaturalism: Conception of gods with as having "two natures." An example of binaturalism is the Babylonian Tiamat, who is both a god and a thing (sea).

* Syncretism: Adaptation of one culture's mythic beliefs by another culture. An example is the Sumerian Inanna is the same as the Akkadian Ishtar.

* Sphere of Influence: Areas with which gods are associated/have power. For example the Greek god Zeus is the god of rain, lightning, kingship, hospitality.

* Primordial Waters: Waters that exist at beginning of or even before creation. In many creation myths. Usually precede the sea and other large bodies of water

* Ancient Near East: The area encompassing Mesopotamia, Canaan, Israel, Anatolia and Egypt in which many myths were adopted such as the Babylonian Enuma Elish. The Ancient Near East does not include Ancient Greece.

* Mesopotamia: Mesopotamia is known as the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Cultures such as the Babylonians resided there and assembled the creation myth, the Enuma Elish.

* Sumerians: The Sumerians were the first people to inhabit Mesopotamia. They are considered the first human civilization and influenced the Akkadians.

* Akkadians: The Akkadians were a culture in Mesopotamia. They overtook the Sumerians and adopted their spoken language.

* Babylonians: The Babylonians were a culture in Mesopotamia. They created the myth the Enuma Elish and spoke a dialect of the Akkadian language.

* Enuma Elish: A Babylonian Myth was written about 2000 BCE. This myth is a creation myth and succession myth that involves a great battle between the storm god Marduk and Tiamat, the god of the seas.

* Marduk: The storm god in the Babylonian Enuma Elish. He is the son of Ea and Damkina, is crowned king of the gods and defeats Tiamat, creating the heavens and the earth.

* cuneiform: Cuneiform is a type of script writing on tablets commonly used by ancient cultures such as the Babylonians. The myth the Enuma Elish was written by the Babylonians in cuneiform.

* Apsu: Apsu is the binatural, Babyloninan god of freshwater who is the husband of Tiamat. Apsu is killed in the Enuma Elish by Ea.

* Tiamat: Tiamat, the wife of Apsu, is the binatural, Babylonian god of the seas. In the Enuma Elish, Tiamat battles the storm god Marduk and loses.

* Lahmu: Lahmu is the son of the gods Tiamat and Apsu. In the Babylonian Enuma Elish, Lahmu is described as being formed from the mingling waters of Apsu and Tiamat.

* Lahamu: Lahamu is the daughter of the gods Apsu and Tiamat. In the Babylonian Enuma Elish, Lahmu is described as being formed from the mingling waters of Apsu and Tiamat.

* Anshar: Anshar is the Babylonian sky god. In the Enuma Elish, he is the son of Lahmu and Lahamu.

* Kishar: Kishar is the Babylonian earth goddess. In the Enuma Elish, she is the daughter of Lahmu and Lahmu.

* Anu: Anu is the son of both Anshar and Kishar. In the Babylonian Enuma Elish, Anu gives Marduk the four winds to defeat Tiamat.

* Ea/Enki/Nuddimud: Ea is the Babylonian trickster god who is the father of Marduk. In the...
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