Research proposal: Music Therapy and Why Does it Matter?
INTRODUCTION: Music is used to enhance well-being, reduce stress, and distract patients from unpleasant symptoms. Although there are wide variations in individual preferences, music appears to exert direct physiologic effects through the autonomic nervous system. It also has indirect effects by modifying caregiver behavior. Music effectively reduces anxiety and improves mood for medical and surgical patients, for patients in intensive care units and patients undergoing procedures, and for children as well as adults. Music is intervention that often reduces surgical, procedural, acute, and chronic pain. Music also improves the quality of life for patients receiving palliative care, enhancing sense of comfort and relaxation. Providing music to caregivers may be cost-effective and enjoyable strategy to improve empathy, compassion, and relationship-centered care while not increasing errors or interfering with technical aspects of care. Music has been used since ancient times to enhance well-being and reduce pain and suffering. This article will review the medically relevant effects of music, focusing on pain, anxiety, and mood not discuss the use of music to enhance cognitive development or for patients with severe developmental delays, dementia, psychiatric neurologic disorders, sensory handicaps, or in institutional settings such as correctional facilities or schools, though a great deal of work has been done in these areas. My purpose for writing this is to shed light on the industry of music therapy and show how it helps the masses when used. The overall experience with music therapy is a great one when used to its full potential and I hope that though this article, one may be able to analyze how it would be beneficial to support the music therapy industry and help it grow as a field of medicine and art. I plan on having a video conference with the head of the university of Dayton’s music therapy program to have more insight on my study and hopefully to shed more light on what it is their training to become certified. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: One of the new physicians on staff in your newborn nursery suggests that you start playing recordings of classical music for the infants. The day shift nurses usually listen to a soft rock music station on the radio, and are reluctant to change. The evening and night shift nurses have not played any music. Is there any evidence that music affects newborn infants? If so, what kind of music might be best? Increasing numbers of patients in gastrointestinal clinics bring their own CD or MP3 players to clinic visits to help them relax during colonoscopy. What is the evidence that music reduces anxiety, improves mood, or eases the stress associated with procedures? Do all people respond the same way to the same kinds of music, or should everyone just listen to whatever they like? Some of the nurses in the preoperative and postoperative areas provide headphones and play New Age music for their patients. Is there any evidence that music helps reduce pain or enhances wound healing in the preoperative period? One surgeon prefers to listen to country western while another likes classical. How does listening to music affect clinician or caregiver performance? Among infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit, excessive noise is correlated with decreases in oxygen saturation and increases in heart rate and sleep disturbances. For example, nursery rhymes may be soothing for toddlers, but hearing the Sesame Street or Barney song several times daily can be irritating for adolescents or parents. High-tempo contemporary music is often used to increase athletic performance, whereas baroque music may be preferred for relaxing after a stressful examination, and jazz may be preferred for socializing. Recently, specific types of music have been marketed to enhance pediatric...