Music in the Industrial Revolution
In the Industrial Revolution, the invention of the Piano and other more advanced instruments called for the composing of more “refined” music as well, and these composers blossomed in Italy, France, England and Germany. Three Italian families from Cremona made the violin and their work has not been surpassed even to this day. Violin sonatas were written in Italy. Also, harpsichords and clavichords had been perfected which were the forerunners of the piano. In 1685-1750 Johann Sebastian Bach became one of the most famous musicians the world has ever known. This man was an organist, violinist, and player of both the harpsichord and clavichord. He composed music, taught it and directed choirs in Leipzig; wrote over 300 cantatas and numerous accomplishments for the organ, harpsichord, clavichord and for small orchestras! George Handel (1685-l759) was a composer, as Bach, but was most well known for composing Italian operas and English oratorios. Joseph Haydn (l732-1809) has often been called the father of the symphony and string quartet. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) who was considered to be the greatest musical genius of all time by many was a classical writer as well as Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827) who wrote Classical and Romanticism. Mozart was known throughout Europe as an infant prodigy and died very young, leaving behind numerous compositions for symphony, sonatas, string quartets, concertos, Masses, and operas. Franz Schubert (1797-1828) was another musical genius. He wrote symphonies, chamber music, piano sonatas and short romantic pieces. He actually wrote more than 600 romantic songs. Karl Maria von Weber (1786-1826) is named the Father of German Opera, and was the first to write them in German romantic as opposed to Italian style. From 1809 to 1813 there were five marvelous composers who really influenced the history of music. Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (l809-l847) was famous for his piano writings and...
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