Multiple Sclerosis

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Markel Franklin

Professor Idziak

Speech 1311

March 27, 2012

Multiple Sclerosis

Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about multiple sclerosis by exploring various facts of the disease including what causes it, types of the disease and how it is treated.

General Purpose: To make people aware of the autoimmune disease.

Introduction

I. Greeting- Good afternoon Ladies and Gentlemen. It is always a pleasure to stand before such an enthusiastic crowd and to talk about a topic that has affected many of us in one way or another- Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

II. Attention Getter- A saying by Cheryl Peters, “multiple sclerosis affects everyone differently”.

III. Benefits to the Audience- Knowledge of the disease is therefore essential as it may either help you or someone else.

IV. Credibility Statement- I have worked in healthcare for over 13 years. I currently have a client who suffers from multiple sclerosis. I can clearly say it is not a pleasant disease but then again what disease is. My client has had the disease for over 20 years and constantly battles with so many ailments that I will be discussing.

V. Thesis Statement- Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease whose cause is unknown that affects many Americans.

Preview of Main Points-

Aim of the Speech- To explore all the facts of multiple sclerosis as an inflammatory disease

Main Points of the Speech

➢ What is multiple sclerosis?

➢ What causes it?

➢ How is the disease diagnosed and treated?

➢ What are the major clinical symptoms of the disease?

➢ What are the future directions of the disease?

I. Body

a) What is multiple Sclerosis?

➢ It is an inflammatory disease that destroys the nerves of the spinal cord and the central nervous system (Saunders, 2011).

b) What causes Multiple Sclerosis?

➢ The major cause still remains unknown but researchers agree that often multiple sclerosis results from a combination of genetic, environmental and infectious factors. This section will also explore whether multiple sclerosis is inherited (Kalb, 2007).

c) What are the Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

➢ Visual disturbances resulting from optic nerve inflammation

➢ Limb weakness, speech impediment, muscle spasms and fatigue

➢ Other symptoms include prickling pain, memory loss, attention deficits, numbing, manic depression and uncontrollable urge to laugh/weep among other symptoms (Kalb, 2007).

d) What are the types of multiple sclerosis?

i. Relapsing- remitting Multiple Sclerosis- it is the most common type of multiple sclerosis and a person gets a series of attacks which disappear and then appear again (Bryant, 2011).

ii. Primary – progressive Multiple Sclerosis: instead of relapsing a person’s physical abilities continuously and slowly decline

iii. Secondary- progressive Multiple Sclerosis: it is a type of multiple sclerosis characterized by rare relapses and increased disability.

e) How is Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosed and Treated?

i. Diagnosis

▪ Using MRI scans (Magnetic resonance Imaging)

▪ Using an electro-physiological test

▪ Examination of the cerebral-spinal fluid (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke ).

ii. Treatment determined by goals

Treatment goals

• To improve recovery speed from attacks ~ steroid drugs are used

• To reduce attacks/ MRI lesions ~ use of interferon

• To slow disease progression ~ Disease modifying drugs are used

• Relief from disease complications ~ use of specific drugs for the affected organs.

f) What are the future directions for Multiple Sclerosis?

A lot of future research on multiple sclerosis focuses on investigational therapies that could be used on the immune system. Other future directions are:

➢ Development of methods that will make brain cells...
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