Mrsa Research Paper

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 658
  • Published : October 21, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
MRSA Prevention in American Hospitals:
A Review of the Literature

Jenny Niemann
AP Language and Composition
Mrs. Cook
November 4, 2010
Abstract
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a harmful and virulent antibiotic resistant bacterium that is a major concern in most American hospitals. Modern scientists are aiming to discover effective prevention methods for MRSA in hospitals, so productive prevention guidelines can be created. Clinical microbiologists such as K. Nguyen, J. Cepeda, and M. Struelens all conducted clinical trials in separate American hospitals. They employed different MRSA inhibition techniques, such as hand hygiene, isolation, and MRSA screenings, which were tested on a wide range of patients. The analyzed results revealed that despite controversies, methods exist that could be successful in preventing and controlling MRSA infections.

Final Outline
I. Introduction
A. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most commonly identified and perhaps the most lethal antimicrobial-resistant pathogen in the world and the rates of this infection are steadily increasing globally B. (Bryce, 2009, 627).

C. Current studies present numerous safety measures that could provide an effective regiment for preventing MRSA infections in hospitals. II. Body
A. Kim Nguyen’s clinical study has perhaps gained the most media attention for its promise to show how simple, inexpensive measures, like hand hygiene, can reduce MRSA infection rates. 1. Study of hang hygiene program

2. Results of study
3. Evaluation of hand hygiene in prevention
B. In the clinical trial conducted by Jorge Cepeda (2005), infective disease control professor at the University College London Hospitals, another preventative technique was investigated. 1. Description of isolation trials

2. Results of trials
3. Analysis of possible uses
C. The evidence provided from another article indicates that screening for MRSA can also protect patients and reduce infection rates. 1. Clinical trials of screening
2. Results of trials
3. Potential flaws described
III. Conclusion
A. In attempt to protect the safety of people in hospitals and in the community, there are numerous prevention methods that could be implemented to create a successful MRSA prevention regiment. B. All in all, MRSA is and extremely deadly and virulent bacterium, but with the use of newfound prevention methods, everyone can be protected.

MRSA Prevention in American Hospitals:
A Review of the Literature
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most commonly identified and perhaps the most lethal antimicrobial-resistant pathogen in the world and the rates of this infection are steadily increasing globally (Bryce, 2009, p. 627). According to an article by clinical microbiologist, Jason Surg (2008) concurred, “Recently, in American hospitals, the rate of MRSA infections was 31.8 per 100,000 persons admitted per year” (p. 642). It is recorded that there are more than 100,000 cases related to MRSA per annum in the United States alone, adding up to an estimated health-care bill of over 5 billion dollars (Bryce, 2009, p. 627). Today many scientists believe because of MRSA’s ability to quickly evolve into separate strains that there is no way to halt the spread of the bacterium (Bryce, 2009, p. 628). However, microbiology teams across the world have seen enormous success in preventing MRSA transmissions in hospitals with simple measures. For example Kim Nguyen (2009), Jorge Cepeda (2005), and M. Strulens (2010), all conducted clinical trials, performing different successful prevention tactics. Current studies present numerous safety measures that in combination could provide an effective regiment for preventing...
tracking img