The History of Basketball
Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide as the inventor of basketball. He was born in 1861 in Ramsay Township, near Almonte, Ontario, Canada. The concept of basketball was born from Naismith's school days in the area where he played a simple child's game known as duck-on-a-rock outside his one-room schoolhouse. The game involved attempting to knock a "duck" off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it. James Naismith devised a set of thirteen rules of basketball. The first rule was the ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. Second was that the ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but never with the fist. A player cannot run with the ball. Third was the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at good speed. Fourth the ball must be held in or between the hands. The arms or body must not be used for holding it. Fifth no shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of an opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No substitution shall be allowed. Sixth, a foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and such as described in Rule 5.Seventh if either side make three consecutive fouls it shall count as a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the meantime making a foul).Goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the ground into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponents move the basket, it shall count as a goal. Eighth is when the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field and played by the first person touching it....