Emergency contraception is often called the morning after pill which reduces the chances of pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse. It consist of increased dose of conventional oral pill or the use of an intra-uterine device. The emergency contraceptive pills each contain .05 mg of the hormone ethinyl estradiol and .5 mg of the hormone norgestrel. The ingestion of these hormones is what prevents or delays ovulation. These hormones also can prevent the fertilization of the egg, if one has already been released from the ovary, and may interfere with the implantation of an egg. Scientific evidence suggests the pills work before pregnancy occurs by preventing or delaying ovulation. Emergency contraception pills work best when taken within 120 hours of unprotected vaginal intercourse. Taken within 72 hours reduces the risk of pregnancy between 75 and 89 percent. Emergency contraceptives such as Levonelle are legal in the US and UK. In the UK they can be bought over-the-counter from pharmacists. In the US there are complaints that many religious hospitals, especially Catholic hospitals do not provide emergency contraceptive advice to victims of sexual assault. Many arguments about emergency contraception is because a good portion of the world thinks it is another form of abortion.
Emergency contraception is a form of abortion. It works by preventing a fertilized egg from being implanted in the uterus. A fertilized egg is a human being, because it contains within itself all that is necessary for a child to develop. Emergency contraceptive pills can have serious, harmful side-effects including nausea, vomiting, infertility, breast tenderness, ectopic pregnancy and blood clot formation. There are no long-term studies into whether women are at risk of permanent damage or diseases such as cancer as a result of exposure to such high doses of dangerous chemicals.
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