Month of the Year Effect

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“Finding Month of the Year effect in Indian
Stock Market”

The aim of practical study is mainly an implementation of knowledge achieved through the learning theories. As a part of curriculum of 2nd year, I have done grand project on Month of the Year effect in Indian Stock Market. The project culmination of my efforts and to dedicated work. In this project I have started from the monthly share price. Really this project enhanced my knowledge substantially, as I tried to cover almost each and every sphere related to the topic. I have tried my level best efforts, justify my study and present all key aspects and learning in this project. The presence of seasonal effects in monthly returns has been reported in several developed and emerging stock markets. The objective of this study is to explore the interplay between the month-of-the-year effect and market crash effects on monthly returns in Indian stock markets. The study uses dummy variable multiple linear regression to assess the seasonality of stock market returns and the impact of market crashes on the same. The results of the study provide evidence for a month-of-the-year effect in Indian stock markets, particularly positive September, and December effects and a negative January effect. Further, the study suggests that the incidence of market crashes reduces the seasonal effects.

INTRODUCTION
BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE
Bombay Stock Exchange, commonly referred to as the BSE, (Bombay Śhare Bāzaār) is a stock exchange located on Dalal Street, Mumbai, and Maharashtra, India. It is the 10th largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization. Established in 1875, BSE Ltd. (formerly known as Bombay Stock Exchange Ltd.), is Asia’s first Stock Exchange and one of India’s leading exchange groups. Over the past 137 years, BSE has facilitated the growth of the Indian corporate sector by providing it an efficient capital-raising platform. Popularly known as BSE, the bourse was established as "The Native Share & Stock Brokers' Association" in 1875.

BSE is a corporatized and demutualised entity, with a broad shareholder-base which includes two leading global exchanges, Deutsche Bourse and Singapore Exchange as strategic partners. BSE provides an efficient and transparent market for trading in equity, debt instruments, derivatives, mutual funds. It also has a platform for trading in equities of small-and-medium enterprises (SME). Around 5000 companies are listed on BSE making it world's No. 1 exchange in terms of listed members. The companies listed on BSE Ltd command a total market capitalization of USD Trillion 1.2 as of October 31, 2012. BSE Ltd is world's fifth most active exchange in terms of number of transactions handled through its electronic trading system. It is also one of the world’s leading exchanges (3rd largest in July 2012) for Index options trading (Source: World Federation of Exchanges).

BSE also provides a host of other services to capital market participants including risk management, clearing, settlement, market data services and education. It has a global reach with customers around the world and a nation-wide presence. BSE systems and processes are designed to safeguard market integrity, drive the growth of the Indian capital market and stimulate innovation and competition across all market segments. BSE is the first exchange in India and second in the world to obtain an ISO 9001:2000 certification. It is also the first Exchange in the country and second in the world to receive Information Security Management System Standard BS 7799-2-2002 certification for its On-Line trading System (BOLT).

It operates one of the most respected capital market educational institutes in the country (the BSE Institute Ltd.). BSE also provides depository services through its Central Depository Services Ltd. (CDSL) arm.

BSE’s popular equity index - the S&P BSE SENSEX [Formerly SENSEX ] - is India's most widely tracked stock market benchmark index. It...
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