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OBLIGATIONS
AND
CONTRACTS

Title III. NATURAL OBLIGATIONS .................................................................................................................................. 103

Definition Art 1156 Obligation is a juridical necessity to give, to do or not to do.

Juridical relation which arises from certain acts that are:
LAWFUL (against crime),
VOLUNTARY (against quasi-delict based on negligence or mere lack of foresight) UNILATERAL (against contract in which there are two parties) E.g.Art 2144Art 2150
Art 2154Art 2164
Art 2167Art 2168
Art 2174Art 2175

Art 2174

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

CULPA AQUILANA
(culpa extra-contractual)
Governed by Art 2176 to 2194
Negligence as a source of obligation
Fault or negligence which constitutes an
independent source of obligation between parties
not previously bound
Negligence of defendant should be the proximate
cause of damage if liability is to attach

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Page 9 of 110

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

REAL RIGHT power belonging to a person over a specific thing, without a passive subject individually determined, against whom such right may be personally exercised - Gives to a person a direct and immediate power over a thing, which is susceptible of being exercised, not only against a determinate person but against the whole world - E.g. rights of ownership and possession

PERSONAL RIGHT power belonging to one person to demand of another, as a definite passive subject, the fulfillment of a prestation to give, to do or not to do

y

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

FACULTATIVE OBLIGATION
Power of the debtor to make substitution is absolute
Karichi E. Santos | UP Law B2012

by express stipulation of the parties

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag [2nd Semester, A.Y. 2008-2009]

OBLIGATIONS & CONTRACTS | Prof. Labitag...
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