Course: ISLAMIC WORLDVIEW
Code: UNGS 2030
First and for all, we would like to express our deepest gratitude to Allah S.W.T. for giving us the strength and health to complete this assignment in time. Not to forget our beloved lecturer Bro Razak, who has the attitude and the substance of a genius: he continually and convincingly conveyed a spirit of adventure in regard to teaching us this subject. Without his guidance, this assignment would not have been possible.
In addition, we would like to thank our parents, friends and anyone who had been a great help to us with financial supports or just mainly a support, especially in times of trouble when we could not find the right source materials we’re looking for from the main library in IIUM Gombak campus in such a limited time. Thanks for all their great and inspiring advices. We really appreciate it.
Last but not least, a thank you to International Islamic University Malaysia for providing us the infrastructure such as library and discussion rooms, all the materials such as books and encyclopaedias, and computers and Internet access that helped us to finish this assignment. Also, to the librarians who have been so helpful to assist us while we’re searching the source materials.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction: History of Modernism| 4|
Teachings and worldviews of Modernism| 5|
Islamic Point of View| 6|
Western Point of View| 8|
Modernism and Tradition in Islam| 10|
Comparison: Modernism and Postmodernism| 11|
INTRODUCTION: HISTORY OF MODERNISM
Modernism (roughly 1910 – mid 1960s) is an aesthetic or cultural movement in art, architecture, music, literature and applied arts coupled with an historical time period, recording a radical break with and from the past. It can also refer to the philosophy as a whole.
This period saw unprecedented experimentation in the arts in painting, from the realism of Gustave Courbet, and the impressionism of Claude Monet to the abstract expression of Jackson Pollack; in literature, the abandonment of objective narrative in Virginia Woolf and James Joyce, and of idealized treatment of subject matter in Ernest Hemingway; in music, Arnold Schonberg’s and Alban Berg’s atonality, and Igor Stravinsky’s dissonance and non-thematic structure, to name but a few examples. In architecture, the modernism of Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius has played a particularly important role, so in other words, Modernism encompasses a wide variety of movements in various arts, which are experimental and respond acutely to the events and crises of the period 1890–1940, especially the First World War.
This movement emphasizes the power of people to create, improve, and reshape their environment with the help of knowledge of science, technology and practical experimentation. In the meantime, the movement claimed that the reality of modernism and the industrial age is fixed and permanent mechanisms and men should change their view of the mundane to accept that the new is good, true and beautiful. Physics of modern (quantum and relativistic), modern philosophy (analytic and continental) and number theory in modern mathematics is said to start at the age of modernism. Post-Modernism movement emerged as a reaction to Modernism.
TEACHINGS AND WORLDVIEWS
Conceptually, the term “modern” in it contemporary sense means innovative creation, which influence the actual perception of element of nature, behaviour, and human mind. Therefore modernism conception is eventually guided to enlightenment the individual capacity for thoughts, and is both the rationale and the means of studying the human ability. However “Modern” mean substantial diversion from the transcendent irrefutable principal which in reality govern all things and which is made known to mankind through revelation. Modernism is a very recent phenomenon, Individual...