In the 1930’s during the Great Depression, many people
turned to Communism to answer the problems that Capitalism
seem unable to solve. Although the Great Depression affected each
class negatively, the middle/lower class seemed to be hit the
hardest because of stock market crash combined with the dust bowl
movement. At the time of the Great Depression, creating an equal
class really sounded like a good idea because of its sympathy
towards the working class rather than business owners. The appeal
of Communism was protect and serve the working majority.
Democratic leaders are afraid of Communism because during the
1920s, the public associated communism with anarchy and
immigrants attempting to destroy our type of government. They
saw the treaty signed by the new Communist Government in
Russia, taking itself out of the Great War, as an example of
communists not supporting the efforts of the nations fighting
Germany. The Cold War began as World War II was ending.
American leaders saw the power and ambition of the Soviet Union
as a threat to our national security.
Joseph Stalin soon turned to heavy industrialization. The
First Five-Year Plan called for rapid industrialization of the
economy, with particular emphasis on heavy industry. The
economy was centralized: small-scale industry and services were
nationalized, managers strove to fulfill Gosplan's output quotas,
and the trade unions were converted into mechanisms for
increasing worker productivity. But because Stalin insisted on
unrealistic production targets, serious problems soon arose. With
the greatest share of investment put into heavy industry,
widespread shortages of consumer goods occurred, and inflation
Also during the 1930’s, there were reports of false articles
about Communism. Walter Duranty, a reporter of The New York
Times, did many articles on the Soviet Union. He is...
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