Mirage Iv

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  • Topic: Dassault Mirage III, Dassault Aviation, Dassault Mirage IV
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  • Published : April 25, 2013
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| 淡江大學101航太一A
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[DASSAULT MIRAGE IV]|
Supersonic Strategic Heavy Bomber|
航太工程概論

芮卡拉
401435010
航太工程概論

芮卡拉
401435010

INDEX

1. Introduction.................................................................................2 2. Type Of Plane...............................................................................4 3. Dimension Of The Airplane…………………………………...………………….5 4. Manufacture Company……………………………………………………….…….6 5. Type of Engine…………………………………………………………………………..7 6. Speed, Performance And Other Features………………………………….8 7. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………….10 8. Reference…………………………………………………………………………………11

1. INTRODUCTION
The Mirage IV is a supersonic jet developed for the French Air Force to conduct nuclear air-to-ground missions against the Soviet Union during the cold-war. The Mirage IV was developed on the basics of the Mirage III by the French company Dassault. Produced between 1963 and 1968, a total of 62 aircraft were built, the last being retired in 2005 (although it's strategic nuclear bomber role had already been taken over since 1996 by the newer Mirage 2000N bomber, which was also replaced by a nuclear version of the Rafale in 2009). I chose to talk about this airplane because even though its production has stopped, its design and performance features are still one of the best ever done. All of the plane’s features were very well developed, and it would still be on use, if it wasn’t for its design becoming old and its greater fuel consumption when compared to more recent aircrafts. Mirage IV is still between the TOP 10 best bombers ever made.

Fig. 1 Fig 2. - Retired France Air Force Mirage IV airplanes. Fig. 3 – Skecth of the Aiplane on scale.

The Mirage IV was the airborne component of France’s Force de Frappe as a medium bomber and as a reconnaissance aircraft. The Mirage IV was first flown by Dassault test pilot Roland Glavanny on 17th June 1959, it was equipped with fly-by-wire controls. On the 33rd test flight the Mirage IV reached Mach 2 for the first time. The prototype crashed on 13th February 1963. The bomber existed in 2 variants:

* The IVA was seen as a free fall nuclear bomber that in wartime would operate in pairs with the other acting as a buddy tanker for the other to attack Soviet cities west of the Urals. By the 1960s these were going to be fast low level runs across Eastern Europe. * The IVP (the P for penetration) variant operated the ASMP cruise missile as well as a CT-52 reconnaissance pod.

Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 – Mirage on flight.
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Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 – Mirage on flight.
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2. TYPE OF AIRPLANE
The Dassault Mirage IV was a supersonic delta-winged strategic heavy bomber with nuclear weapons capability. It was a stand-off missile launch platform type of plane. Fig. 6 – (right) Nagasaki before and after bombing

Fig. 6 – (right) Nagasaki before and after bombing
Fig. 7 – (left) Mirage IV P No. 26/AY the EB 2/91 "Bretagne" at 250 in June 1996. The airplane carries a missile ASMP whose nose is visible at the base of the fuselage roundel.

A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground and sea targets, by dropping bombs, firing torpedoes, or – in recent years – by launching cruise missiles at them. In the early days of the Great War, the bomber was a relatively new concept. Strategic bombers are heavy bombers primarily designed for long-range bombing missions against strategic targets such as supply bases, bridges, factories, shipyards, and cities themselves, in order to damage an enemy's war effort. The advantages of this plane’s delta wing are simplicity of manufacture, strength, and substantial interior volume for fuel or other equipment. Because the delta wing is simple, it can be made very robust (even if it is quite thin), and it is easy and relatively inexpensive to build - a substantial factor in the success of the Mirage aircraft.

3. DIMENSION OF THE AIRPLANE
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