* the permanent or planned long-term relocation of residential place & activity space. * this contributed to the separated cultures, and to the diffusion of those cultures over space due to the movement of pple frm one place to another. * Migration affects national economic structures, determine population density & distribution patterns. They also help to alter traditional ethnic, linguistic and religious mixtures. * They also can stir up national debates international tensions. * Migration reflects movements in response to space information & perception frm place of origin to destination. * Specifically, it presents exit opportunities n times of crisis threatening one's survival r determination to change one's given livelihood. Principal Migration Patterns
* Migration flows can hv diff scales, from massive intercontinental torrents to an individual's decision to a new house:
1. Intercontinental Migration:
- The broadest scale of migration where move from one continent to another. * e.g. massive flows of immigrants frm Europe to America in the 1th,18th,19th and early 20th century. 2. Interregional Migrations
- Migration from one part of the country to another part.
Such movement of intercontinental and interregional migrations occur because: * People go in pursuit of better living conditions such as economic, political or physical conditions.
- e.g. pleasant climate or flights from environmental disasters * It can also be due to difficult or dangerous environmental, military economic or political conditions.
- e.g Millions of refugees left their homelands following the dissolution of Eastern Europe communist states, including the former USSR & Yugoslavia.
3. Rural-Urban Migration
- First became noticeable during the 18th and 19th century in industrial countries of Europe were large no. of pple moved away frm rural areas to work in the urban areas. - a common phenomena today in the developing...