With a view to enhancing enrollment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional levels among children, the National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) was launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 15th August 1995, initially in 2408 blocks in the country. By the year 1997-98 the NP-NSPE was introduced in all blocks of the country. It was further extended in 2002 to cover not only children in classes I-V of government, government aided and local body schools, but also children studying in EGS and AIE centres. Central Assistance under the scheme consisted of free supply of food grains @ 100 grams per child per school day, and subsidy for transportation of food grains up to a maximum of Rs.50 per quintal. In September 2004 the scheme was revised to provide cooked mid day meal with 300 calories and 8-12 grams of protein to all children studying in classes I-V in Government and aided schools and EGS/AIE centers. In addition to free supply of food grains, the revised scheme provided Central Assistance for (a) Cooking cost @ Re 1 per child per school day, (b) Transport subsidy was raised from the earlier maximum of Rs.50 per quintal to Rs.100 per quintal for special category states, and Rs.75 per quintal for other states, (c) Management, monitoring and evaluation costs @ 2% of the cost of food grains, transport subsidy and cooking assistance, (d) Provision of mid day meal during summer vacation in drought affected areas. In July 2006 the scheme was further revised to provide assistance for cooking cost at the rate of (a) Rs.1.80 per child/school day for States in the North Eastern Region, provided the NER states contribute Rs.0.20 per child/school day, and (b) Rs.1.50 per child/school day for other States and UTs, provided that these States and UTs contribute Rs.0.50 per child/school day. Objectives
The objectives of the mid day meal scheme are:
* Improving the nutritional status of children in classes I-V in Government, Local Body and Government aided schools, and EGS and AIE centres. * Encouraging poor children, belonging to disadvantaged sections, to attend school more regularly and help them concentrate on classroom activities. * Providing nutritional support to children of primary stage in drought affected areas during summer vacation. Programme Intervention and Coverage
To achieve the above objectives a cooked mid day meal with nutritional content as shown in column 3 of the table below will be provided to all children studying in classes I-V: Objectives a cooked mid day meal with nutritional |
Nutritional Content| Norm as per NP-NSPE, 2004| Revised Norm as per NP-NSPE, 2006| Calories| 300| 450|
Protein| 8-12| 12|
Micronutrients Adequate | Not Prescribed| quantities of micronutrients like iron, folic acid, vitamin-A etc.| Components of the revised schemeThe revised scheme provides for the following components: * Supply of free food grains (wheat/rice) @ 100 grams per child per School Day from the nearest FCI godown * Reimbursement of the actual cost incurred in transportation of food grains from nearest FCI godown to the Primary School subject to the following ceiling : * Rs.100 per quintal for 11 special category States viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, and * Rs.75 per quintal for all other States and UTs
* Provision of assistance for cooking cost at the following rates : * States in North-Eastern Region: @ Rs.1.80per child per school day provided the State Govt. contributes a minimum of 20 paise. * For other States & UTs : @ Rs.1.50 per child per school day provided the State Govt./UT administration contributes a minimum of 50- paise. State Governments/UT administrations are required to provide the above minimum contribution in order to be eligible for the enhanced rate of...