Microchip Technology- a Renovation in Diabetes Therapy

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MicroCHIP Technology- A Renovation in Diabetes Therapy

Table of Contents:

List of tables and Figures ………………………………………………………………..3 Abstract ………………………………………………………………………………….4

1.0 Introduction…………………………..………………………………………………5 1.1 Back ground of Problem…..…..……………………………………………...5 1.2 Substitute Technology...…………………...………………………………….8 1.2.1 History of implementation..……………………...……….…………8 1.2.2 Description of microchips………………...........................................9 1.3 Purpose and Overview...……………………………………………………..12 2.0 Method……………………………………………………………………………….12 2.1 Criteria………………………………………………………………………12 2.2 Procedure of research ………………………….……………………………13 3.0 Results………………………………………………………………………………..13 3.1 Efficiency……………………………………………………………………13 3.2 Economic feasibility………………………………………………………...13 3.3 Health hazards and Toxicology………………..……………………………14 3.4 Ethical feasibility……………………………………………………………15

3.5 Survey results………………………………………………………………..16 4.0 Discussion……………………………………………………………………………16 4.1 Efficiency……………………………………………………………………16 4.2 Economic feasibility………………………………………………………...18 4.3 Health hazards and Toxicology..……………………………………………18 4.4 Ethical feasibility……………………………………………………………19

4.5 Interpretation of survey results……………………………………………...19 5.0 Recommendation ……………………………………………………………………20 References ………………………………………………………………………….........21 Appendix…………………………………………………………………………………23

List of figures, tables and graphs:

A. Tables:

Table 1: Diabetes Medical Treatments - non oral medications…………………………7 Table 2: Stages of microchips implementation…………………………………………8 Table 3: Prices of Diabetes medicines………………………………………………….14

B. Figures:

Figure: Debiotech’s nanopump…………………………………………………………....1 Figure 1: High- powered Microscope…………………………………..............................5 Figure 2: Photographs of a prototype microchip.………………………………………....8 Figure 3: Schematic Representation of Microchip Design……………………………....10 Figure 4: Implantable drug delivery system……………………………………………..10 Figure 5: General form of microchips design…………………………............................11 Figure 6: Micro-needle drug patch……………………………………............................11 Figure 7: Healing holes for drug delivery………………………………………………..11 Figure 8: Picture of hand after microchip implementation………………………………15 Figure 9: Small sizes of microchip………………………………………………………20

C. Graphs:

Graph 1: Rate of drug release versus stimulus from chemical sensors………………..…17

Abstract:

This research report provides a feasibility assessment of insulin injections into human body through microchips as a potential solution to diabetes. The microchip is an electronic device that is implanted under the skin. This "chip" senses changes in body chemistry and delivers medications when needed and can be triggered with a small wireless remote. The microchip is currently used for injecting different medications for diabetic patients as well as for monitoring the levels of glucose and glucagon in the blood of those patients. Microchip drug pumpers can be a substitute technology for different diabetes medications and chemical- glucose monitoring devices. Yet implementation of microchips may have some limitations in terms of ethical and economic issues. This report defines the different tasks performed by the microchips as well as predictions about improvements of this microchip which is then evaluated on the basis of life span, economic feasibility, health hazards, general acceptance and technical feasibility. Based on the interpretation of the results found on each above mentioned criterion, this report reaches a recommendation towards using microchips as a major innovative therapy for diabetes.

Microchip Technology- A Renovation in Diabetes Therapy

1. Introduction

1.1Back ground of Problem:...
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