In New Spain, the Bourbon monarchies in 1808-1810 encouraged some creoles leaders to strike for total independence under the cover of Ferdinand. On July 1808, Napoleon’s capture of Charles the VI and Ferdinand the VII, and capture of Spain reached Mexico causing intense debate between Mexican elites. Creoles and Peninsulars prepared to take power and ensure their group would have power over the other; New Spain, like other Spanish colonies, went through the crisis of the Bourbon monarchy from 1808- 1810. Yet, in Mexico what pushed for independence from Spain would be the elite’s race for power. The creoles were the first to take action. The Mexico City cabildo called on the viceroy to summon an assembly. It was made up of many different elite groups, which governed Mexico until Ferdinand VII, regained his throne. Jose de Iturrigary supported Ferdinand’s rise back to power saying that Spain was in “A state of total anarchy”. The elites wanted free trade and autonomy or home rule with the Spanish empire, not independence. Fray Melchor de Talamantes, the chief creole ideologist, said: abolition of theInquisitian and the ecclesiastical fuero; free trade; and measures to promote the reform of mining, agriculture, and industry. The creoles movement threatened the peninsulares, on the night of September 15, 1808, they (peninsulares) struck back and with this, the peninsulares held the power until Francisco Javier de Venegas, arrived from Spain on September 1810. The movement’s first advancement began on August 30, 1810 when Miguel Hidalgo in the Battle of Monte de las Cruces defeated opposing forces. This gave Hidalgo ‘s troop a sense of confidence and helped him moved towards Puente Calderon. The leaders of the creole movement in Mexico, now passed to a group consisting predominantly of “marginal elites” in the Bajio, a region which was roughly corresponding to the intendancy of Queretaro. Economic and social conditions in this region help...
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