1. Identify legislation that governs the use of medication in the social care settings.
The Medicines Act 1968, the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (and later amendments), the Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973 (and later amendments), the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), COSHH, the Mental Capacity Act (2005) the Access to health records Act (1990), the Data Protection Act (1998) plus equality legislation.
2. Outline the legal classification system for medication.
The classification of medicines are all related to the medicines act 1968, while working with medication it is good to have an understanding and working knowledge of the common types of medication by training that should be provided by you company that you work for.
3. Explain how and why policies and procedures or agreed ways of working must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements. The polices and procedures are put in place to make sure that legislation is being followed so that all people in the setting, staff and the people who need care are being cared for are safe, all needs are being met, inclusive practise and diversity is being followed out and that the setting is staying within the law. They must reflect on legislation so that the polices and procedures are correct and are the correct way of doing things. For example if a health and safety procedure was put in place and was not inline with legislation then this could cause the setting to get in trouble with the law and could cause harm to the person who was in need of health and safety requirements could become harmed.
4. Identify common types of medication.
Antibiotics, Antipsychotic and anti depressants.
5. List conditions for which each type of medication may be prescribed?
Antibiotics - They can be used to treat relatively mild conditions such as acne as well as potentially life-threatening conditions such as pneumonia.
Antipsychotic - medications are often prescribed for the treatment of bipolar disorder. Psychotic symptoms are common in bipolar I disorder, and antipsychotic medications are the standard treatment for these symptoms. There are also some antipsychotic that have direct effects on mania and/or depression and are therefore used as mood stabilizers.
Anti depressants - Antidepressants are used to treat several conditions. They include, but are not limited to: depression, generalized anxiety disorder, agitation, obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD), manic-depressive disorders, childhood enuresis (bedwetting), major depressive disorder, , naturopathic pain, social anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
6. Describe changes to an individuals physical or mental well being that may indicate an adverse reaction to the medication.
Antibiotics possible adverse reactions:
bloating and indigestion abdominal pain
loss of appetite.
Antipsychotic possible adverse reactions.
Stiffness and shakiness – this can often be reduced by lowering the dose. However, if a high dose is necessary, the shakiness can be treated with the same kind of medication that is used for Parkinson’s disease. Uncomfortable restlessness (akathisia)
Persistent abnormal movement, usually of jaw, lips and tongue () Make the problem worse before it makes it better.
Anti depressants possible adverse reactions.
SSRIs and SNRIs
Common side effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin- reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) include: feeling sick
diarrhoea or constipation
feeling agitated or shaky
not sleeping well (insomnia) or, alternatively, feeling very sleepy loss of appetite
7. Describe the roles and responsibilities of those involved in prescribing dispensing and supporting use of medication.
The prescriber must be trained appropriately (may be a GP or nurse prescriber for example) and...