This report will focus on the mathematical theme of counting. Also exploring how children can learn the concepts related to counting through everyday activities at home or in the school. The report will also discuss theories of learning and how they have been applied to the design and planning of the lesson.
The national curriculum states that a child must be able to: “Count on and back in tens or hundreds from any two- or three-digit number; recognise and continue number sequences formed by counting on or back in steps of constant size from any integer, extending to negative integers when counting back.”
Everyday Learning Activities
In everyday activities math’s is used in some way. As children develop and grow their minds become more mathematical. They want to spend money; they want to be able to count the number presents they get on their birthday and how much money they have got. There is no way in which mathematics cannot be used in everyday life and activities. “… Fuzzy reasoning matches more closely the form of reasoning that would be adopted by adults and that develops naturally in children.” (Logie 1993)
By using the local surroundings to help support learning enables children to understand the world, help physical development, personal and social development, numeracy and literacy and social development, Gardner (1993) states that the ability of Naturalist intelligence enables human beings to recognize, categorize and draw upon certain features of the environment. It 'combines a description of the core ability with a characterization of the role that many cultures value.’
Children are constantly learning. What may seem like a regular daily activity to us can be an opportunity for children to discover understandings about the world around them and develop skills to build on. As Educators it is our job to provide children with the opportunities to discover the best way from them to find them self as a learner and what learning style fits their personality. There are many activities at home or at school which can be scheduled to help them.
Objectives of the lesson
With any lesson there has to be objectives or you cannot evaluate the lesson and observe the children’s ability. The objectives are: •Be able to count on and back in tens or hundreds
•Recognise and continue number sequences
•Extending to negative integers when counting back
Lesson at School
In a classroom the teachers set up seven different work stations. Each table will consist of different teaching methods but will teach the same mathematical theme. •Table 1 – Linguistic
•A simple lecture where the teacher stands and gives a verbal teaching of counting. •Table 2 – Logical
•The teacher uses mental arithmetic such as 10+10, 20 ÷ 5. •Table 3 – Musical
•Using music, the teacher will play musical chairs, counting the number of children taking part and the number of chairs which are taken away at each interval. •Table 4 – Kinesthetic
•Using an old twister mat, on each spot write a number and then the children are told in turns to dance, hop, skip and crawl to a number after a sum id shouted out by a teacher. •Table 5 – Spatial Visual
•Using Flash cards, the teacher will show flash cards with a sum on and for the children to be able to answer the question they must be able to count up to a certain number for the teacher to allow them to find the answer to the flash card sum. •Table 6 – Interpersonal
•The children will sit on chairs in a circle and will help each other out solving sums. They will interact in little groups of three. •Table 7 – Intrapersonal
•The children will work individually on worksheets using number lines.
From this teachers are able to observe and evaluate each pupil. This will be a revolving cycle which will allow all participating children to experience the different stations. The best way of evaluating the learner’s...