Montessori geography helps a child understand the world they live in and their place in it. Geography work is done to teach the child about the society he lives in and the others around the world. It gives a better understanding to the child to make him realize that he is not only a member of his society but a member of this world. He learns about different people around the world. Geography is the study of the life of man, the way humans live, and the way of life that has been established by a human society to sustain life. It is the study of the features of the earth, and the cultures that were developed in the various parts of the world by human beings. The needs of man are universal, but the way these needs have been met, differ. So we have many different peoples around the world who live differently, who have adapted differently to what the world has offered them in different locations. We begin our study with the child with the home culture. We give the child a rich experience of the culture in which he lives. Then we expand from the home culture to other cultures and other places. This helps the child to understand that all humans need to make a way of life that will support not only life but a good way to live. For Physical geography, the child learns about the basic forms of landmass. Models, pictures, and books are used to bring this information to the child. In a Montessori classroom we also talk about climate zones and how they affect the people who live in them. For political geography, we will look at the divisions of the world that have been made by humans. Celebrating a birthday in a Montessori class room is a good geography experience for the children. As the teacher talks about how the earth revolves around the sun, and when it completes one whole circle its called ‘one year’. So the child is made to hold the globe and walk around the sun( a teacher holding the candle in the middle of the circle) as many times as his...
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