“Marxism"

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“Marxism has become irrelevant in 21st century”
Do you agree? Why?

Content
Introduction......................................................................P.3 Definition of keywords………………………………….P.4 Background of Marxism……………….……………….P.5-P.6 The element of Marxism…………………………..……P.7-P.17 * Class theory………………………………………………………. ..P.7-P.8 * Class struggle……………………………………………………….P.9 * Communism………………………………………………………...P.10-P.11 * Historical materialism………………………………………………P.12-P.13 * Alienation…………………………………………………………..P.14-P.15 * Exploitation & Surplus value……………………………………….P.16-P.17 Conclusion………………………………………..….....P.18 Reference list…………………………………………..P.19-P.21

Introduction
 Marxism encompasses an economic theory, a sociological theory, a philosophical method and a revolutionary view of social change. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Marxism was promoted by two German philosophers, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It is a popular political ideology at that time, many countries tried to use this ideologies to govern the whole countries. Nowadays, many people think that Marxism becomes irrelevant in 21st century, but it is wrong.The elements of Marxism still relevant in 21st Century The seven main elements of Marxism: historical materialism, dialectical change, alienation ,class struggle, surplus value, proletarian revolution and communism. The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it will provide an introductory definition of Orthodox Marxism, Neo-Marxism, irrelevant and relevant and this will involve a detailed background of Marxism. Secondly, it will be argued that how the seven main elements of Marxism still relevant in 21st Century. These two parts is used to prove that Marxism is still relevant in 21st Century.

Definition
Orthodox Marxism: Developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel in 19th century, it supposed to be overthrown with force and removed capitalist by a dictatorship of the workers (proletariat) called socialism, followed quickly and inevitably by a classless society which governs itself without a governing class or structure.

Neo-Marxism: The ideology developed by Lenin and Stalin. It provided an alternative to the mechanistic and deterministic ideas of Orthodox Marxism. It also refused to accept the primacy of economics or assign the proletariat to privileged roles. In particularly, which were the analysis of the ideology and the state power.

Irrelevant: Applicable or pertinent and don’t have probative value upon any issue in the case.

Relevant: Bearing upon or connected with the matter in hand.

Background information about Marxism

The information which is about Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. He was a famous philosopher in Germany. His historical and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophies. He was the important precursor to Marxism. He has influenced lots of late philosophers including Marx and Engel. His influential conceptions including the Master or Slave Society , Ethical life and so on.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was one of the symbolic German idealist philosophers in 19th century. His thought affected Marx’s Historical Material. The left wing of Hegelians spawned Marxism which inspired Global Movement. The influence continued to 20th century, it caused Russia’s Revolution in 1997 and China’s Revolution in 1920s.

Second ,Materialism including Mechanical Materialism and Dialectical Materialism. The Dialectical Materialism means the world always in motion and gets lots of changes. The mutual influence among inter-related. The representatives are Marx, Engel and Lenin. Marx and Engel believed that all things existed by the combination with the opposite side. Also, Materialism Dialectics is one of the core part in Marxism.

The third part which is talking about Marxism . Marx and Engel found the practice on the basis of the workers’ movement in 19th century and theoretical system. It based on Materialism Marxism including...
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