Slavery in the United States was abolished in 1865 with the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the states constitution, but little has been done in order to give black people real rights. Adoption of the "Black Codes" in the southern states, instead of saying the political rights of former slaves, has led to the fact that they were away from the political life of the country. Segregation as a form of racial discrimination has been legislated in the so-called Jim Crow laws, and was seen in the southern states as a norm of social organization from 1890 until the end of the Second World War. It is from its end associated activation movement for equal rights for African Americans and white people.
Martin Luther King, the future leader of the movement, was born in Atlanta (Georgia) in 1929, ML King was educated first in the segregated schools of Georgia, then in college for blacks in Atlanta. In 1954, going in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, who were formers of Baptist minister, King became pastor of the church in Montgomery, Alabama. In 1955, he completed his postgraduate studies at Boston University, becoming a doctor of philosophy. World view of Martin Luther King Jr. was influenced by the work of philosophers and religious figures as Hegel, Rauschenbusch, Toro, Tillich and Niebuhr.
The core philosophy of King was the concept of passive resistance of Mahatma Gandhi, which was the basis for all of the rebellions held by M. L. King in the fight for the rights of black people, the first of which took place in Montgomery is in the middle of the 50s, and immediately attracted nationwide attention. It was about boycotting the city bus transport in response to the arrest of African-American Rosa Parks, for refusing to move back, arguing that she was not in a seat reserved for whites. The protest, which lasted 381 days, actually gave well after effects, decision of the U.S. Supreme...