Professor Dr. Arwin D. Smallwood
Martin & Malcolm & America
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X had a major impact on the history of America. The lives of these men helped shape their political philosophies and shaped black America during and since the civil rights movement. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia to Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta William king on January 15, 1929. King, growing up in Atlanta, went to Booker T. Washington High School. He was a very smart student he skipped the ninth and twelfth grade and attended Morehouse College at the age of fifteen without even formally graduating high school. King graduated from Morehouse College in 1948 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology. Once completing his degree at Morehouse, he decided to attend Crozer Theological Seminary, which is located in Chester, Pennsylvania. After finishing a Bachelor of Divinity in 1951, he married Coretta Scott on June 18, 1953 in Heiberger, Alabama. They went on to have four children in Montgomery, Alabama where king became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.
Malcolm X was born as Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, on May 19, 1925, to Earl and Louise Little. Malcolm never forgot values of black pride and self-reliance that his father preached to him when he was young. Stated later by Malcolm X, three of Earl Little’s brothers died violently from the hands of white men, one of them was lynched. Malcolm’s family relocated when he was young to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1926, reason being the Ku Klux Klan had made treats. Moving to Milwaukee, Wisconsin was not enough they had to move again to Lansing, Michigan. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X lives helped shape their political philosophies. King’s life was not very violent at all at a young age. Maybe it was violent, but I was not shown to him. This is why King’s political philosophy was based upon nonviolent...