A business operator who at present enters into a contract of selling goods bt does not diliver goods or accepts the price till a stipulated time in future, is called a bear. He sell at present when the price is high, and buys in the future when the price falls. Thus the difference makes his profit. He makes a profit simply be speculation neither taking the price nor making delivery of the goods. Bullish:
The market is called bullish or having a bullish tendency when there is a general expectation of o rise in price level rises up as a result of this trend because the bull operator buys goods with the hope of making profit by selling them at a higher rate in future. Dumping:
In the modern age of industrialization and economic devolvement, every country is anxious to capture foreign market for her own product. This may be done, when the first country wishes to sell at low profit or even at a loss, so that it may get hold of the market of the second country. The first country may set monopolistic control and start earning profit. This activity is known as dumping. Ardour of the market:
It indicates the tone or state of the market. It is a state when there are more buyers than sellers and as a result the prices show an upward trend. Arrivals:
Fresh stocks of commodities that are brought to the market in a given period are called arrivals. The term is used in contrast to the opening balance of stock in hand. A market may open with some previous stocks brought forward on a particular day. The arrivals are the new stocks reaching the market on the same day. It does not mean the total supply of commodity brought to the market. Arrivals are quoted in market reports in order to show the increase in the supply of goods. Tendency:
It indicates the movement of prices. An upward trend of prices shows good whereas downward trend shows bad conditions prevailing in the market. Ex-ship:
If the delivery is taken by the buyer at the dock after paying all cost...