Marilyn Monroe vs. Crying Girl: Who Is the Face of Pop Art?

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Pop art is an art style that had its origins in England in the 1950s and made its way to the United States during the 1960s featuring images of the popular culture such as comic strips, magazine ads, celebrities, and supermarket products. This movement was marked by a fascination with popular culture reflecting the affluence in post-war society. In celebrating everyday objects such as soup cans, washing powder, comic strips and soda pop bottles, the movement turned the commonplace into icons. Some of the most prominent pop artists that are believed to have begun the North-American pop art revolution in the 1960s are Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein.

Andy Warhol was born Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1928. During his said-to-be derange childhood Warhol excelled in the arts. In 1945 he entered the Carnegie Institute of Technology where he majored in pictorial design. Upon graduation, Warhol moved to New York where he found steady work as a commercial artist. He worked as an illustrator for several magazines including Vogue, Harper's Bazaar and The New Yorker and did advertising for retail stores such as Bonwit Teller and I. Miller. Prophetically, his first assignment was for Glamour magazine for an for an article titled "Success is a Job in New York." Throughout the 1950s, Warhol enjoyed a successful career as a commercial artist, winning several commendations from the Art Director's Club and the American Institute of Graphic Arts. In these early years, he shortened his name to "Warhol". In 1952, the artist had his first individual show at the Hugo Gallery, exhibiting Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote. His work was exhibited in several other venues during the 1950s, including his first group show at The Museum of Modern Art in 1956. The 1960s was an extremely prolific decade for Warhol. Appropriating images from popular culture, Warhol created many paintings that remain icons of 20th-century art, such as the Campbell's...
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